This vague formulation further sowed the seed for the bitter dispute to follow. In Pakistan, Siachen is a subject that hurts, just like a thorn in its flesh; it is also a psychological drain on the Pakistani Army. This attempt has to start with demolishing some myths. Pakistan also controls Sia … On April 13, 1984, India launched Operation Meghdoot to capture the 76.4 km-long glacier on the Saltoro ridge, narrowly thwarting Pakistan’s own attempts in the process. On 25 June 1987 Indian Army under the leadership of Brig. [87] During the rescue operations, the Indian army found Lance Naik Hanumanthappa alive, though in a critical condition, after being buried under 25 feet snow for 6 days. Pervez Musharraf had himself once commanded the Special Services Group (SSG) troops in this area and made several futile attempts to capture Indian posts.[53]. A2A: India currently is involved in major disputes with Pakistan, China and a minor one with Nepal. The expeditions have been meant to show the international audience that Indian troops hold "almost all dominating heights" on the important Saltoro Ridge west of Siachen Glacier, and to show that Pakistani troops are nowhere near the 43.5-mile (70 km) Siachen Glacier and from 2019 the Indian Army And The Indian Government has allowed the tourists to visit the Siachen Glacier's Indian Army Post. This portion of the cease-fire line shall be demarcated in detail on the basis of the factual position as of 27 July 1949, by the local commanders assisted by United Nations military observers. The Indian army has secured its position on the ridgeline. These adverse conditions have direct consequences: since the war began, only 3 percent of the Indian casualties have been caused by … mixed greens | Point-Reyes blue cheese | almonds honey shallot vinaigrette $9 GFI Caesar Salad. The strategic significance of the Saltoro Ridge and the Siachen glacier is: India has strategic and terrain domination over Pakistan’s so-called northern areas (J&K territory merged into Pakistan) and Pakistan-ceded Kashmir territory to China. At that stage, instead of adopting a pragmatic approach, the then Pakistan Army Chief, General Kayani, reiterated the Pakistani position that it was India which started the dispute in 1984. [76], In 2013, 10 Indian soldiers died due to weather conditions. Earlier in 2012, Pakistan had lost 130 men in a massive avalanche at Gayari, its post nearest to the Glacier. [63][64], One of the factors behind the Kargil War in 1999 when Pakistan sent infiltrators to occupy vacated Indian posts across the Line of Control was their belief that India would be forced to withdraw from Siachen in exchange of a Pakistani withdrawal from Kargil. In the book Asymmetric Warfare in South Asia: The Causes and Consequences of the Kargil Conflict, Khan, Lavoy and Clary wrote: The Pakistan army sees India's 1984 occupation of the Siachen Glacier as a major scar, outweighed only by Dhaka's fall in 1971. "[This quote needs a citation], The line between where Indian and Pakistani troops are presently holding onto their respective posts is being increasingly referred to as the Actual Ground Position Line (AGPL).[51][52]. [89], On 17 March, two Indian soldiers from the Chennai-21 regiment were killed, and bodies recovered in 12-feet deep ice. Beyond NJ 9842, the agreement stated that the border will run ‘thence north to the glaciers’. Updated: Jul 15, 2020, 10.52 PM IST. India has 15,106.7 Km of land border and a coastline of 7,516.6 Km including island territories. [55] The post was renamed Bana Post in his honour. The operation continues till date, making it the longest continuing one of its kind in the world. It is source of Nubra River that eventually feeds the might… UPSC DAILY ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE QUESTIONS : 19th NOVEMBER . [81], On 12 December, an avalanche killed 6 Indian soldiers in the Sub Sector Hanif in Turtuk area, when troops of the 1st Assam regiment were moving between posts. Siachen is seen as a major military setback by the Pakistani Army. On 13 April 1984, Indian troops snatched control of the Siachen glacier in northern Kashmir, narrowly beating Pakistan. They are claimed as part of Ladakh union territory by India and as part of Gilgit-Baltistan by Pakistan. Why ‘friend’ China will not save Pakistan Steel Mills? Karachi Shipyard and Engineering Works Ltd. National Engineering and Scientific Commission, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Siachen_conflict&oldid=991322822, Operations involving Pakistani special forces, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 13:20. [43], In his memoirs, former Pakistani president General Pervez Musharraf states that Pakistan lost almost 986 square miles (2,550 km2) of territory that it claimed. They are claimed as part of Ladakh union territory by India and as part of Gilgit-Baltistan by Pakistan. The Saltoro Mountains are Lesser Karakorams on the southwestern side of the large Karakoram-glaciers (Siachen, Baltoro, Biafo and Hispar Glacier from east to west) while the main ridge of the Karakorams lies northeast of these glaciers. [17], The Siachen Glacier is the highest battleground on earth,[18][19] where India and Pakistan have fought intermittently since 13 April 1984. India Behind The Lens (News Centre) English Hindi. Pakistan granted a number of permits. More dangerous is the fact that this may well trigger a scary sub-continental conflict. The Quaid Post was regained by a five member team of 8 Jammu and Kashmir Light Infantry led by Naib Subedar Bana Singh. “India forcibly occupied Siachen Glacier and it is a disputed area. The 76 km long Siachen Glacier is hemmed in between the Saltoro ridge line to the west and the main Karakoram Range to the east. In fact, cost escalation for India would begin the moment any unfortunate decision to demilitarise from Siachen is taken. They are located in the heart of the Karakoram, on the southwest side of the Siachen Glacier. He claimed that more than 1,100 Indian soldiers have died defending the Siachen glacier. A much larger number of soldiers will be called upon to sacrifice their lives than the few who are becoming unfortunate victims of the weather at present. In 1984, India assumed military control of the main peaks and passes of the range, with Pakistani forces into the … [3], April 1984 Operation Meghdoot: Indian Army under the leadership of Lt. Gen. Manohar Lal Chibber, Maj. Gen. Shiv Sharma, and Lt. Gen. P. N. Hoon learned of the plan by Pakistan Army to seize Sia La, and Bilafond La, on the glacier. Better procedures and precautionary process, however, have reduced the casualties to a great extent. Mixed Emotions: Mountaineering Writings, p. 147. The U.N. document number S/1430/Add.2. Thus, holding of the Siachen Glacier is crucial for India. whole leaf romaine lettuce | hand torn croutons | Pecorino-Romano $9 *salad additions. This almost superhuman effort, after the unit had suffered initial setbacks and even lost an officer, Second Lieutenant Rajiv Pande, is now a part of military folklore. [13] The contended area is nearly 1,000 square miles (2,600 km2) of territory. Celebrating 20 years of victory on the Saltoro Ridge. Indian Military Withdrawal from the Saltoro Ridge. They are located in the heart of the Karakoram, on the southwest side of the Siachen Glacier. It began with the occupation of the two northern passes on the Saltoro Ridge by India. [82][83] In 2012, a total of 12 Indian soldiers died of hostile weather conditions. Due to this illegal deed, China is in a position to bridge the Aksai Chin-Gilgit-Baltistan gap and dominate the Karakoram Pass. The major strategic point here is the Saltoro ridge. [80], On 29 May, two Pakistani soldiers were killed in a landslide in the Chorbat Sector. NEW DELHI: Cutting through all the brouhaha on the Siachen Glacier-Saltoro Ridge dispute in recent days, India on Tuesday said it remained … The documentary "Expedition to the longest glacier" was shown on the 3rd channel of WDR (German TV) in 1979. The most prominent among these is authentication on a map of the Actual Ground Position Line (AGPL) along which troops are presently deployed. GS 3 Q) Improving border security is key to growth of the country, In this regards Examine border disputes of India and suggest measures that India can undertake to improve its border security. It would also unite the Chinese and Pakistani front and allow them to launch a combined attack on India in case of a conflict. [84], On 4 January 2016, four Indian soldiers of the Ladakh Scouts, were killed in an avalanche on the Southern Glacier while on patrol duty in Nobra Valley. In 1984, through ‘Operation Meghdoot’, India landed its troops on three passes of the Saltoro ridge west of Siachen glacier in a large airborne operation. That the Indians dominate the area from the Saltoro Ridge and Pakistani troops are nowhere near the Siachen Glacier is a fact never mentioned in public. The Defence Minister echoed sentiments of the entire India that remains in awe of the gallant Siachen Warriors ever since the launch of Operation Meghdoot on April 13, 1984 when, in an unimaginable feat of grit and bravery, the Indian Army gained control over the dominating heights of the Saltoro Ridge, Sia La and Bilafond La, in a short period of time. Deeply divergent positions held by New Delhi and Islamabad on the dispute is one of the primary reasons why the negotiations on demilitarising the … The subranges of the main ridges are generally called Muztagh whereas the mountain groups of the Lesser Karakorams are denominated as mountains, ranges or groups.. India took control of the 70-kilometre-long (43 mi) Siachen Glacier and its tributary glaciers, as well as all the main passes and heights of the Saltoro Ridge immediately west of the glacier, including Sia La, Bilafond La, and Gyong La. The Saltoro ridge originates from the Sia Kangri in the Karakoram Range and the altitudes range from 18,000 to 24,000 ft. 36 casualties during initial conflict[4][5], 200 casualties during initial conflict[5][9][11][12], The Siachen conflict, sometimes referred to as the Siachen War, was a military conflict between India and Pakistan over the disputed Siachen Glacier region in Kashmir. In 1984, India launched Operation Meghdoot to capture the 76.4 km-long glacier on the Saltoro ridge. [88], On 27 February, a civilian porter working with the Indian army in the Northern Glacier, fell to his death in a 130-foot crevasse. •Sir Creek: It is a strip of water disputed between India and Pakistan in the Rann of Kutch marshlands. The un-demarcated boundaries with Myanmar, Bhutan and lately with China, Pakistan and Nepal have often flared up into tensions. The post was renamed as Bana Post. There are numerous negotiations between both parties but have shown no significant progress, the process was further complicated when Pakistan violated ceasefire line in 1999 and built bunkers on Indian side and started artillery fire on Indian strategic highways resulting in 1999 Kargil War. They are located in the heart of the Karakoram, on the southwest side of the Siachen Glacier. They are located in the heart of the Karakoram, on the southwest side of the Siachen Glacier. [62] In 2012, an avalanche hit Pakistan's Gayari military base, killing 129 soldiers and 11 civilians. [30], The first public acknowledgment of the maneuvers and the developing conflict situation in the Siachen was an abbreviated article titled "High Politics in the Karakoram" by Joydeep Sircar in The Telegraph newspaper of Calcutta in 1982. In 1978 a German Siachen-Kondus Expedition under the leadership of Jaroslav Poncar (further members Volker Stallbohm and Wolfgang Kohl, liaison officer major Asad Raza) entered Siachen via Bilafond La and established the base camp on the confluence of Siachen and Teram Shehr. This matter has taken an even more critical turn for India now that Pakistan has been practically ceding to China the whole of Gilgit-Baltistan and especially the Shaksgam Valley. [14] The conflict was started in 1984 by India's successful capture of the Siachen Glacier as part of Operation Meghdoot, and subsequently countinued with Operation Rajiv. In a snub to China, Bangladesh turns its back on Chinese Defence Minister, “A Savage Logic” – Albert Einstein on Anti-Semitism. Pakistan responded quickly by terming the region as a disputed territory. [71][72][73][74], On 11 February 2010, an avalanche struck an Indian army post in the Southern Glacier, killing one soldier. [85], On the morning of 3 February 2016, ten Indian soldiers including one Junior commissioned officer of the 6th Madras battalion were buried under the snow when a massive avalanche struck their post in the Northern Glacier at a height of 19,600 feet, on the Actual Ground Position Line. Such inimical designs make it imperative for India to steadfastly man the heights notwithstanding the cost and the difficulty. Pakistan is insisting on a withdrawal to the positions held in 1984, which is clearly not acceptable to India. The largely inaccessible terrain beyond this point was not demarcated,[20] but delimited as thence north to the glaciers in paragraph B 2 (d) of the Karachi Agreement. [25] The extension of this line "thence north to the glaciers" never appeared on any authoritative map associated with either the 1948 or 1972 agreements, just in the text. They are located in the heart of the Karakoram, on the southwest side of the Siachen Glacier. It is admitted that India has many weather related casualties in Siachen. The Indian Army is strongly positioned on the Saltoro Ridge, which overlooks Gilgit and Baltistan (POK) in the far distance and is located well ahead of the entire Siachen Glacier. [65] After the Kargil War, India decided to maintain its military outposts on the glacier, wary of further Pakistani incursions into Kashmir if they vacate from the Siachen Glacier posts. 1999 Kargil war was also an attempt to restrict supply route to ladakh and siachen. The environment at the glacier is so harsh as to be snow and ice-bound through the year with forces necessarily stationed at the highest possible altitudes where temperatures drop 50 degrees Celsius below zero. Later its sequel, Battlefield Siachen, was released in January 2013. Masood Navid Anwari (PA 10117) then Force Commander Northern Areas and other accompanying troops were killed. While Pakistan interprets ‘thence north’ as a northeastern extension of border from NJ 9842 to the Karakoram Pass, India interprets it as a northwestern extension along the Saltoro Ridge towards the Indra Col (head of Siachen glacier). [41], May 1995: Battle of Tyakshi Post: Pakistan Army NLI units attacked Tyakshi post at the very southern edge of the Saltoro defense line. [55] When India occupied the Saltoro Ridge in April 1984, Benazir Bhutto publicly taunted the Pakistan Army as "fit only to fight its own citizens". R. K. Nanavatty launched an artillery attack on Kauser Base, the Pakistani logistical node in Chumik and successfully destroyed it. The perceived humiliation at Siachen manifests itself in many ways. This bleeding ulcer has cost us nearly 20,000 casualties in over twenty years and an estimated daily expenditure of two crores. A cease-fire went into effect in 2003. Have you read these stories? Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited Siachen on 23 October 2014 to celebrate Diwali with the troops and boost their morale. Saltoro Ridge: The Saltoro Mountains is a subrange of the Karakoram Heights or of Saltoro Ridge. grilled chicken breast - add $8. In the intervening decades the two sides have suffered 3,500-5,000 casualties. Indian Army under Brig. In 1977, an Indian colonel named Narendra Kumar, offended by international expeditions venturing onto the glacier from the Pakistani side, persuaded his superiors to allow him to lead a 70-man team of climbers and porters to the glacier. Some of them include declaring the area a peace park, joint patrolling of the region and even an international peacekeeping force being deployed. Also known as third pole, Siachen glacier is the longest glacier in the Karakorum and world’s second longest non-polar glacier {after Fedchenko Glacier in Tajikistan, which is world’s largest non-polar glacier, also note that Lambert-Fisher Glacier in Antarctica is world’s largest glacier} and also the world’s highest battlefield. The major passes on this ridge are Sia La at 20,000 ft and Bila Fond La at 19,000 ft. India’s position on Line of Control is based on the terrain configuration, … [37] Having detected Pakistani movements ahead of Operation Qaidat, the Indian Army initiated Op Vajrashakti to secure the now renamed Bana Post from Pakistani attack. 86 posts Previous; 1; 2; 3; Jagan Webmaster BR Posts: 3032 Joined: 01 Jan 1970 00:00 Location: Earth @ Google.com. Over the past 70 years, it has succeeded to resolve its boundary issues only with Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. There have been several off the track solutions of the Siachen dispute. Since then, numerous of talks were conducted between two sides starting in 1989. The Saltoro ridge originates from the Sia Kangri in the Karakoram Range and the altitudes range from 18,000 to 24,000 ft. Cover; India; World; … (See Annex 26 to the third Interim Report of the United Nation Commission for India and Pakistan)[23][24]. India immediately dispatched troops to the Siachen, beating Pakistan by a week. The Western Command will be remanded from Indira Col on Saltoro Ridge in the Siachen Glacier area with its headquarters prospecting at Gujarat's trip to Jaipur. How can India open it for tourism?” said Pakistan Foreign Office Spokesperson Muhammad Faisal. Saltoro Ridge: The Saltoro Mountains is a subrange of the Karakoram Heights or of Saltoro Ridge. Hence, domination of Saltoro Ridge by India has been a strategic imperative since Operation Meghdoot. [26] In 1957 Pakistan permitted a British expedition under Eric Shipton to approach the Siachen glacier through the Bilafond La, and recce Saltoro Kangri. The altitude of some Indian forward bases on the Saltoro Ridge ranges from Kumar (16,000 feet) and Bila Top (18,600 feet) to Pahalwan (20,000 feet) and Indira Col (22,000 feet). For this purpose units from Pakistan Army SSG (1st and 3rd battalions) assembled a major task force at the newly constructed Khaplu garrison. Siachen Conflict The Siachen conflict was a military conflict between India and Pakistan over the disputed Siachen Glacier region in Kashmir. In 2007, the President of India, Abdul Kalam became the first head of state to visit the area. [60] India also installed the world's highest telephone booth on the glacier. Indian soldiers on guard at the Siachen Glacier. [86] Pakistani officials offered their help in search and rescue operations 30 hours after the incident, although it was declined by Indian military authorities. Saltoro Ridge: The Saltoro Mountains is a subrange of the Karakoram Heights or of Saltoro Ridge. The collateral damage in the Covid fight no one's talking about . Control over the area would constitute a major strategic achievement for Pakistan as it would breathe down the Indian Army’s positions in Ladakh while denying India the capability to monitor the sensitive Pakistan-China axis. In the 1970s and early 1980s several mountaineering expeditions applied to Pakistan to climb high peaks in the Siachen area due in part to US Defense Mapping Agency and most other maps and atlases showing it on the Pakistani side of the line. For India, expenditure and effort to regain the Saltoro Ridge, if demilitarised, would escalate as a geometric/logarithmic progression. After this, a Jihadi intrusion to fructify expansionist designs will then be resorted, regardless of the assurances given. The two armies have established forward bases at heights ranging from 9,000 to 22,000 ft. [68][69], Since September 2007, India has welcomed mountaineering and trekking expeditions to the forbidding glacial heights. [28] These were early moves in this particular game of oropolitics. Having become aware of US military maps and the permit incidents, Colonel Narendra Kumar, then commanding officer of the Indian Army's High Altitude Warfare School, mounted an Army expedition to the Siachen area as a counter-exercise. [70], The Siachen glacier and its conflict was depicted in a 48-page comic book, Siachen: The Cold War, released in August 2012. In 1949, a Cease-Fire Line Agreement (CFL) was signed and ratified by India, Pakistan and the UN Military Observer Group that delineated the entire CFL. Both sides have shown desire to vacate the glacier as there are environmental and cost concerns. Both countries maintain a permanent military presence in the region at a height of over 6,000 metres (20,000 ft).

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