281–302. The population of India that is considered a member of the Brahmin caste according to the article âThe Joshua projectâ is about 60,481,000 people.  The Bhumihars claim Brahmin status, and are also referred to as Bhumihar Brahmin. Chandilya 14. Sarswat, Kanyakubja, Gaur, Utkal and Maithil, these are five gaurs and dwelling towards north of Vindhyachal. Bhumihars, also called Babhan, are a Hindu caste mainly found in Bihar (including the Mithila region), the Purvanchal region of Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, the Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh, and Nepal. At the other extreme, if an untouchable dared to draw water Both of them have five subcategories in themselves (panchgaur and panchdravid). All dogra brahmins are saraswat. Harita/ Haritasa 28. Kaminsky, Arnold P. and Long, Roger D. “India Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic, Volume One.” p. 68. Bihar and Bengal are the land of Maithil. The Brahmins are the caste from which Hindu priests are drawn, and are responsible for teaching and maintaining sacred knowledge. In 1931 (the last Indian census to record caste), Brahmins accounted for 4.32% of the total population. The other major castes, from highest to lowest, are the Kshatriya (warriors and princes), Vaisya (farmers or merchants), and Shudra (servants and sharecroppers). A Brahmin is a member of the highest caste or varna in Hinduism. anyone who violates that rule. ABC-CLIO. Indian Castes and Feudal Japanese Classes, How the US Electoral College System Works. Most Iyers are followers of the Advaita philosophy propounded by Adi Shankara. As late as the reign of the Maratha Dynasty, in the 1600s to 1800s CE, members of the Brahmin caste served as government administrators and military leaders, occupations more typically associated with the Kshatriya. Interestingly, the Muslim rulers of the Mughal Dynasty (1526–1858) also employed Brahmins as advisors and government officials, as did the British Raj in India (1858–1947). In fact, Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of modern India, was also a member of the Brahmin caste. Iyer (also spelt as Ayyar, Aiyar, Ayer or Aiyer) is a caste of Hindu Brahmin communities of Tamil origin. The other major castes, from highest to lowest, are the Kshatriya (warriors and princes), Vaisya (farmers or merchants), and Shudra (servants and sharecroppers). Brahmin is the highest Varna in Vedic Hinduism. Dev 20. Aupamanyava 8. Bhargava 11. They specialised as priests (purohit, pandit, or pujari), teachers (acharya or guru) and protectors of sacred learning across generations. Chikitasa 16. Home | About Us | Committee | News and Events | Occasional Articles | Photo Gallery | Members. Atreyasa / Atri 3. In the very beginning, there was only one category of Brahmins, later they were categorized on basis of their lands (areas) as Gaur and Dravid. “Sub-Imperial Palaces: Power and Authority in Mughal India.” Ars Orientalis, vol. Dhananjaya 21. Darbhas 19. There are the Following The simple About List of Brahmin surnames Gotras and communitiesFull Information With Brahmin, brahmana, brahmin caste list, brahmin surnames list, tribe, list of gotras, rishi, top brahmins and ritual. They are âPancha-Gauda Brahminsâ from North India and âPancha-Dravida Brahminsâ from the South India. There are five Dravid lands- Karnataka, Maharashtra,Tailang, Dravid and Gurjar. Traditionally, male Brahmins performed priestly services, but they may also work in jobs associated with lower castes. Before diving into the Brahmin caste letâs see some of the discussion on how the caste system came to be. There is a territorial division that divides the Brahmins broadly into two parts: Panch Gour (The five northern Brahmins) and Panch Dravida (The five southern Brahmins). How Many Electoral Votes Does a Candidate Need to Win? Ahabhunasa 7. Later 120 categories of Brahmins were developed among them. The members of this caste have been originated from Saraswat Brahmins . Bhaskara 13. Brahmins study the religious texts, such as the Vedas and the Puranas, and teach members of other castes about the holy books. Brahmin are a varna (class) in Hinduism. Web site best viewed at 1024x768 resolution. Today, the Brahmins comprise about 5% of the total population of India. Gordon, Stewart. In Hindu culture, the Brahmin caste considered to be the highest of the four major social classes of the Varna system. Jamadagni 30. “The Marathas 1600–1818.” Cambridge University Press, 1993, doi:10.1017/CHOL9780521268837. The Nepalese caste system is an impact and influence of the ancient and orthodox Indian caste system. Patelâs arenât caste conscious in 2nd Gen. A List of Brahmin Communities Compiled by Vikas Kamat First Online: April 01, 2003 Page Last Updated: September 11, 2020 The following is a list of Brahmin communities of India. Brahman, also spelled Brahmin, Sanskrit BrÄhmaá¹a (âPossessor of Brahmaâ), highest ranking of the four varnas, or social classes, in Hindu India. This list may not reflect recent changes ().This page was last edited on â¦ Dr. Kallie Szczepanski is a history teacher specializing in Asian history and culture. 5 gaurd brahmins of india or india's northern side brahmins. Hukman Bhal 29. The land between Gandaki and Kaushiki rivers is known as Maithil land. Indeed, occupational surveys of Brahmin families in the 20th century found that less than 10% of adult male Brahmins actually worked as priests or Vedic teachers. Charora 15. Major Brahmin Castes: Major Brahmin castes in the Indian Continent include Chitpavana Brahmins, Daivajna Brahmins, Deshastha Brahmins, Dhima Brahmins, Gouda Saraswat Brahmins, Havyaka In addition to the above major castes of Brahmins, there are several Brahmin subcastes.  The majority reside in Tamil Nadu, India. In Hinduism, there is the concept of âVarnaâ system where the society is stratified into four âVarnasâ or castes - Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Sudras.. The Utkal is in the other side of Vindhyachal. It seems likely that the caste and its priestly duties developed gradually over time, and probably were in place in some form long before the Gupta era. In jammu 90% brahmins are saraswat, in kashmir all pundits are saraswats. The Pancha-Gauda Brahmins have further been divided into five classes. 5. Rituals to Be Followed Daily for Balanced Life. Find all the castes and their sub-castes list in India here. Angad 5. Garga 24. Types of Brahmin Caste in India The Brahmin caste in India has been broadly divided into two divisions based on regions. Current Status of Caste System in India Even though there is no basis for caste system and associated discrimination in Hinduism, and it has been more than 70 years Britishers have left India, we still see these issues cropping Therefore, they did not participated Ashwvamedha Yajna. Interestingly, the Brahmins only show up in the historical record around the time of the Gupta Empire, which ruled from circa 320-467 CE. This does not mean that they did not exist prior to that time, however. Dalabhya 18. Punjab is the land of Saraswats. Jatukarna 31. For example, some were warriors, merchants, architects, carpet-makers, and even farmers. In Andhra Bharadwaj 10. In some cases, such work precludes the Brahmin in question from carrying out priestly duties, however. Saraswat, Kanyakubja, Gaud, Utkala and Mithila form the Pancha Guada 2. Lord Rama of Ayodhya had organized Ashwvamedha Yajna to get rid of Brahm-Hatya (Killing of a Brahmin-Ravana* who was a Brahmin by birth). At one time Bihari Brahmins were famous for their scholarship and erudition and Mithila  produced one Vedic scholar after another starting from Yajnavalkya. But some of Brahmins went to Ayodhya & participated in Yajna & also accepted the gifts (Daan). Is there a sub caste Brahmin Kshathriya and gotra as Birthare. History of the Brahmin Caste You can download the word docx and pdf formats . Among Kanyakubj,a all Brahmins of this area were Kanyajubja except Chaubeys of Mathura (Mathur) & Magadh (Pandas of Gaya). The Kulinas formed the higher ranking clans. Galvasaya 23. The early Vedic writings do not provide much by way of historical detail, even on such apparently important questions as "who are the priests in this religious tradition?" Tarai/Madhesi Other Castes 2.1 Tarai/Madhesi Other Castes Kewat, Mallah, Lohar, Nuniya, Kahar, Lodha, Rajbhar, Bing, Mali Kamar, Dhuniya, Yadav, Teli, Koiri, Kurmi, Sonar, Baniya, Kalwar, Thakur/Hazam, Kanu, Sudhi, â¦ Men were more literate than the women from any caste. Utkala Brahmins are the historical caretakers of the Jagannath Temple in Puri.  Rishiswar, Sanadhya, Kanyakubj, Telang, Saryupareen, Bhumihar, Goswami, Tyagi, and Saraswati are the main streams of Brahmin. â¢ Gaud Saraswat Brahmin â¢ Daivadnya Brahmin â¢ Thanjavur Marathi â¢ Marathi people Deshastha Brahmins are a Hindu Brahmin subcaste mainly from the Indian state of â¦ Sarswat, Kanyakubja, Gaur, Utkal and Maithil, these are five gaurs and dwelling towards north of Vindhyachal. Agastya 2. Brahmins even in Uttar Pradesh, where they were most numerous, constituted just 12% of the recorded population. Like Like Reply ramanan50 says: 6 Apr 2016 at 22:38 No. Records from the classical and medieval periods in India mention men of the Brahmin class performing work other than carrying out priestly duties or teaching about religion. 2001. A Brahmin Gotra (Sanskrit à¤¬ à¤° à¤¹ à¤®à¤£ à¤ à¤¤ à¤°) is an exogamous unit used to denote the paternal lineage of individuals belonging to the Brahmin caste in the Hindu Varna system. Chyavana 17. in some old texts) is the major branch of Western Bengali Brahmins. Brahmin is considered as a member of the priestly caste of the country. Saraswat brahmins. Mohyal Brahmin is an Indian Brahmin caste. Kanauj, Ayodhya, Agra up to Delhi is the land of Kanyakubjas. Nonetheless, the traditional association between the Brahmin caste and priestly duties remains strong. Gautamasa 25. Traditionally, the Brahmins served as the spiritual guides and teachers of the Kshatriya princes and warriors, preaching to the political and military elites about the dharma, but today they perform ceremonies for Hindus from all of the lower castes. 1). As in earlier times, most Brahmins actually made their living from work associated with the lower castes, including agriculture, stone-cutting, or working in the service industries. Pages in category "Brahmin communities" The following 27 pages are in this category, out of 27 total. Karnataka, Telangaa, Dravida, Maharashtra and Gurjarat form the Pancha Dravida Patelâs don Babhravya 9. Sub-Imperial Palaces: Power and Authority in Mughal India, J.D., University of Washington School of Law, B.A., History, Western Washington University. Specifically, the top three literate castes were Deshasthas, Chitpavans and CKPs. Both Brahmins and Kayasthas in Bengal have followed a system that ranks the clans hierarchically.  Activities that are forbidden to Brahmins according to the Manusmriti include making weapons, butchering animals, making or selling poisons, trapping wildlife, and other jobs associated with death. Ghrit kaushika 27. 1. Madhesi Brahman, Nurang, Rajput, Kayastha 2. Alambani 4. These Brahmins were finally settled in Ayodhya which was situated on river Saryu & were later known as Saryupari Brahmins. However, some do consume milk products or fish, particularly in mountainous or desert areas where produce is scarce. They are a distinct category of Brahmins who combine military knowledge with learning, they strictly refrain from performing priestl y duties, often to the p oint of excommunicatin g anyone who violates that rule. Kalabodhanaâ¦ The Brahmin castes may be broadly divided into two regional groups: Pancha-Gauda Brahmins from the Northern part of India (considered to be the region north of the Vindhya mountains) and Pancha-Dravida Brahmins from the region south of the Vindhya mountains as per the shlokaof Kalhana. Examples: "Some people believe that the Buddha himself, Siddharta Gautama, was a member of a Brahmin family. Designed and hosted by Aadi Creations. For example, a Brahmin who begins farming (not only as an absentee land-owner, but actually tilling the land himself) may be considered ritually contaminated, and can be barred from later entering the priesthood. The famous Books of âPanchatantraâalso here All the More mentions the list of the Brahmins name as Mitra Sharma, Susharma, Dev Sharma etc. *Ravana,the wicked king ruled Lanka & was born to Brahmin rishi Vishrava and Kekasi who belongs to a Rakshas clan. 23, 1993, pp. The caste system has evidently been more flexible, in terms of appropriate work for Brahmins, than one might expect. They also perform temple ceremonies and officiate at weddings and other important occasions. Later 120 categories of Brahmins were developed among them. Utkala Brahmin is also known as Utkal Brahmin is a Brahmin caste in India. At mealtimes, anyone could accept food from the hands of a Brahmin, but a Brahmin would be polluted if he or she took certain types of food from a lower caste person. Many wonât be able to tell you their caste (Not all Patelâs are the same caste- there are different types of Patidars, also there are Patidars who donât have the last name Patel). Bhakdi 12. The six proper activities, ranked from the highest to the lowest, are teaching, studying the Vedas, offering ritual sacrifices, officiating at rituals for others, giving gifts, and accepting gifts. The following is a partial list of gotras found in the Brahmin community of Hindus: 1. She has taught at the high school and university levels in the U.S. and South Korea. RÄdhi (also RÄá¹hi in some old texts) is the major branch of Western Bengali Brahmins. Brahmins are vegetarian, in keeping with Hindu beliefs in reincarnation. Gail Omvedt concludes that during the British era, the overall literacy of Brahmins and CKPs was overwhelmingly high as opposed to the literacy of others such as the Kunbis and Marathas. Iyers are sub-divided into various sub-sects based on cultural and regional differences. Most of the Brahmins did not think proper to attend this Yajna & accepting the Daan of from a person who is involved in a Brahm-Hatya. Copyright Â© Kanyakubj Brahmin Mahasabha, 2009-2020. The Murderous Cult of Roman Diana and Her Sword-Wielding Priests, Biography of Chandragupta Maurya, Founder of the Mauryan Empire. In punjab 80% brahmins are Across the subcontinent, other Brahmins are also believed to have switched from the traditional Angirasa 6. Christopher Pillitz /Image Bank/GettyImages. India Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic, Volume One. Kanauj, Ayodhya, Agra up to Delhi is the land of Kanyakubjas. “Government of the Raj 1858-1914.” UK Parliament. The Brahmins are the caste from which Hindu priests are drawn, and are responsible for teaching and maintaining sacred knowledge. Gaubhilya 26. In this article I will share Brahmin surnames list in India based on my ongoing research on Brahmins. Brahmin Kshatriya belongs to the offspring of a Brahmin Father and a Kshatriya woman. Dhanvantari 22. Lord Rama invited all Brahmins of Aaryavart (who till then were only Kanyakubja).
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