Anglo-Saxon literature (or Old English literature) encompasses literature written in Anglo-Saxon (Old English) during the 600-year Anglo-Saxon period of Britain, from the mid-5th century to the Norman Conquest of 1066. There is also a burgeoning field of scholarship on how women authors address women's lives under dictatorships, eroticism and the body, history and identity, migration, Afro Caribbean history, decolonization, revolution, queer theory, among countless other topics. Read 4 131 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. [5], Further issues include language classifications like Creole Caribbean literature and Anglophone Caribbean literature. Upper-division undergraduates through faculty." Folk a. British colonialism, not socio-economic modernisation, explains the origins of the democratic institutions of Anglo-Caribbean states. The pre-Columbian American Indians left few rock carvings or inscriptions (petroglyphs), and their oral traditions did not survive 16th-century Spanish colonization. Literature in English specifically from the former British West Indies may be referred to as Anglo-Caribbean or, in historical contexts, West Indian literature, although in modern contexts the latter term is rare. Literature began in England with the Celtic Druids ; Druids would memorize and recite poems for special occasions ; 3 The Anglo-Saxons . The experience of colonization and the type of slavery that existed there have left an indelible mark on the creative impulses of the people. The term "West Indies" first began to achieve wide currency in the 1950s, when writers such as Samuel Selvon, John Hearne, Edgar Mittelholzer, V. S. Naipaul, and George Lamming began to be published in the United Kingdom. Caribbean literature is written in Spanish, French or English. The literature of the Caribbean reflects the social, political, and cultural concerns of the region and is a valuable tool for learning about the area and its people. Behind the Counter: Teaching Chinese Jamaican Texts in the Caribbean Literature Course (80) Timothy Chin. Haiti has produced some internationally renowned writers, including Jean Price-Mars, who evaluated the African heritage in Haitian culture; Jacques Roumain, a poet, essayist, and novelist; Jacques-Stephen…. [27] This epic poem is divided into seven books containing sixty-four chapters. Safa, Helen I. Anglophone definition is - consisting of or belonging to an English-speaking population especially in a country where two or more languages are spoken. The letters and speeches of Toussaint-Louverture, the Haitian general and liberator, indicate that from at least the end of the 18th century the Caribbean was conscious of its cultural identity. Abstract This article contributes to the sparse literature on democratic regimes in the Caribbean by examining the emergence and persistence of Anglo-Caribbean democracies. Professor of History, University of the West Indies, Mona, Haitian literature is written almost exclusively in French; however, some novels, poems, and plays have been written in Creole. Literature of the Caribbean by Lizabeth Paravisini-Gebert The Caribbean is an exotic but not too distant land, full of rich cultural traditions. Gender/Sexuality a. Caribbean Literature and Sexuality - … This article contributes to the sparse literature on democratic regimes in the Caribbean by examining the emergence and persistence of Anglo-Caribbean democracies. Poets include Mahadai Das (Guyana), Lenelle Moïse (Haiti), Pamela Mordecai (Jamaica), Lorna Goodison (Jamaica), Julia de Burgos (Puerto Rico), Giannina Braschi (Puerto Rico), Merle Collins (Greneda), Shara McCallum (Jamaica), and Oliver Senior (Jamaica). Works of Caribbean Literature have also been produced by people of Caribbean ancestry who live primarily in Europe and major urban centers of the United States. A central theme in Caribbean literature is the process of Creolization, a term describing a process of mixing old traditional cultures with new modern elements of an inherited culture. The essays explore key moments in the history of Caribbean Latino literature and bring expert critical attention to trends over the past 150 years. Oxford English Dictionary, 2018, Oxford University Press. The Slave Narrative in the Anglophone Caribbean (45) Nicole N. Aljoe. [24] The work relates Juan Ponce de Leon's colonization of Puerto Rico in search for the mythic fountain of youth. Its perfection also makes it perfect fodder for creating postcard-kitsch. Over the decades the canon has shifted and expanded, drawing both on oral and literary traditions and including more women poets and politically charged works. [33] Mixing elements of poetry, lyric essay, Caribbean songs, and socratic dialogues, this epic tackles the subjects of global debt, financial terrorism, and decolonization. [23], There are many epic stories, plays, and poems written in and about the Caribbean. This volume in the Options for Teaching series recognizes that the most challenging aspect of introducing students to anglophone Caribbean literature―the sheer variety of intellectual and artistic traditions in Western and non-Western cultures that relate … Rao was writing in an era--which didn't really end until well into the 1980s--when Anglophone Indian literature was largely read within the paradigm of 'Commonwealth Literature.' Caribbean Literature : Most Important Caribbean Writers Derek Walcott (23.01.1930) Walcott raised in Castries, Saint Lucia. Maryse Condé’s novel Tree of Life (1992) discusses the involvement of family ties and how people seek to improve their lot in life by working to build the Panama Canal. [16] Another contemporary classic about migrant cultures isRamabai Espinet’s novel The Swinging Bridge (2003), which explores trauma of displacement, Indian indentureship, and the phenomena of invisibility relating to women. I will Just as that dance represents a coming together of separate influences to make a unique art form, so do both Hispanic and North American cultures combine to bring a new literature into being. [24] Later epics of the Spanish West Indies include Manuel de Jesus Galvan's national epic "The Sword and the Cross" (1954) that relates the myths and histories of the colony of Hispaniola. [25][26] Nobel prize winner Derek Walcott pens one of greatest modern epic written in the English language, Omeros (1990). Anglophone Caribbean Literature And The Canon / Donette Francis ; B. Canons, Curriculums And Critics / Leah Rosenberg ; 40. The Anglo-Caribbean Democratic Experience. [24], In the 20th Century epics approach subjects such racist legacies, economic terrorism, and the decolonization of Caribbean culture and politics. Anglo-America is distinct from Latin America, a region of the Americas where Romance languages (Spanish, Portuguese and French) are prevalent. These works include genres such as epic poetry, hagiography, sermons, Bible translations, legal works, chronicles, riddles, and others. Naipaul’s Mystic Masseur (1957) and A House for Mr. Biswas (1961), among others; and in the poetry of Louise Bennett (Jamaica Labrish, 1966). The Routledge Companion to Anglophone Caribbean Literature offers a comprehensive, critically engaging overview of this increasingly significant body of work. [18] Derek Walcott's wrote "The Sea is History," and dramatized the impact of tropical storms and hurricanes on the locals. Different languages also make different references to the texts. West Indian literature ranges over subjects and themes as wide as those of any other "national" literature, but in general many West Indian writers share a special concern with questions of identity, ethnicity, and language that rise out of the Caribbean historical experience. The migration of Caribbean workers to the Panama Canal is often used as a narrative foundation. 3/4, 1 Jan. 1987, pp. This volume recognizes that the most challenging aspect of introducing students to anglophone Caribbean literatureâ€"the sheer variety of intellectual and artistic traditions in Western and non-Western cultures that relate to itâ€"also offers the greatest opportunities to teachers. The Routledge Companion to Anglophone Caribbean Literature offers a comprehensive, critically engaging overview of this increasingly significant body of work. myths, songs and poetry. [8] A sense of a single literature developing across the islands was also encouraged in the 1940s by the BBC radio programme Caribbean Voices, which featured stories and poems written by West Indian authors, recorded in London under the direction of founding producer Una Marson and later Henry Swanzy, and broadcast back to the islands. This contentious one however was… Both terms are often used interchangeably despite having different origins and referring to slightly different groups of people. La casa della vita di Mario Praz; Chi stramalediva gli inglesi. "Caribbean." Roger Mais (1905-1955) An influential figure who combined literary talent with nationalistic fervor … They share, apart from the English language, a number of political, cultural, and social ties which make it useful to consider their literary output in a sin… "Deconstructing Nationalisms: Henry Swanzy, Caribbean Voices and the Development of West Indian Literature", Interviewing the Caribbean - letters and the visual arts, "CARIBBEAN ISLANDS :. [32] Braschi's later epic, written in English, is United States of Banana (2011), a geopolitical tragic-comedy about the fall of the American empire, the liberation of Puerto Rico, and the realignment of powers among Caribbean nations. La diffusione della letteratura inglese e americana in Italia tra le due guerre), law and literature (Shakespeare British colonialism, not socio-economic modernisation, explains the origins of the democratic institutions of Anglo-Caribbean states. Caribbean Theater, Anglophone To understand the nature of the development of Caribbean theater over the centuries, as well as the form of theater that is now evolving in the region, it is important to know something of the history of the Caribbean. [36], Many parts of the Caribbean have begun in recent years to host literary festivals, including in Anguilla, the Anguilla Lit Fest, in Trinidad and Tobago the NGC Bocas Lit Fest,[37] in Jamaica the Calabash International Literary Festival,[38] in Saint Martin/Sint Maarten the St. Martin Book Fair,[39] in Barbados Bim Literary Festival,[40] in Dominica the Nature Island Literary Festival and Book Fair,[41] Alliouagana Festival of the word[42] in Montserrat, and the Antigua and Barbuda Literary Festival. [3] West Indian "was a term coined by colonising European powers. The more wide-ranging term "Caribbean literature" generally refers to the literature of all Caribbean territories regardless of language—whether written in English, Spanish, French, Hindustani, or Dutch, or one of numerous creoles.[1]. This book is the first to focus exclusively on issues of gender and sexuality in a range of post-war novels from the Anglophone Caribbean. [12] Scholars and writers in Postcolonial Studies have research and published on this cultural phenomenon of an empty island, and the racist implications of a fantasy void of local people and their cultures. Anglophone Caribbean Immigrants in the Harlem Renaissance (98) As the theoretical premise of this study has been the idea that language is a site of subjectivation through interpellation, the concept of translation has gone much beyond the linguistic and cultural sphere, also embracing the sphere of personal identity. https://www.britannica.com/art/Caribbean-literature, Caribbean literature - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Updates? Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. The third part is dedicated to the findings which are related to Caribbean issues and literature. www.caribbeanislands.com". In the novels of Wilson Harris (Guyana), the Symbolist and Surrealist techniques of the Modernist movement reappear; and the poetry of Edward Brathwaite (Rights of Passage [1967], Masks [1968], Islands [1969]) attempts to reassert the place of Africa in the Caribbean. Literature in English from the former British West Indies may be referred to as Anglo-Caribbean or, in historical contexts, as West Indian literature. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). -- Choice " Hispanic Caribbean Literature of M igration: Narratives of Displacement is an impressive accomplishment. Most of these territories have become independent nations since the 1960s, though some retain colonial ties to the United Kingdom. In more recent times, a number of literary voices have emerged from the Caribbean as well as the Caribbean diaspora, including Kittitian Caryl Phillips (who has lived in the UK since one month of age); Edwidge Danticat, a Haitian immigrant to the United States; Anthony Kellman from Barbados, who divides his time between Barbados and the United States; Andrea Levy of the United Kingdom; Jamaicans Alecia McKenzie, who has lived in Belgium, Singapore and France, and Colin Channer and Marlon James, the author of the Man Booker Prize-winning novel A Brief History of Seven Killings (2014) (as well as John Crow's Devil, The Book of Night Women, the unpublished screenplay "Dead Men", and the short story "Under Cover of Darkness"), Antiguan Marie-Elena John, and Lasana M. Sekou from Saint Martin (island). The West Africans who replaced them were also without a written tradition, so for about 400 years Caribbean literature was an offshoot and imitation of the models of the colonial powers—Spain, France, Great Britain, and the Netherlands. Paradoxically, anglophone Caribbean development was formally conservative, working toward an “open” rather than an autochthonous, or indigenous, expression in the work of C.L.R. Caribbean literature, literary works of the Caribbean area written in Spanish, French, or English. [6] The Spanish Caribbean islands include Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, and Panama as well as the islands of Venezuela and the Caribbean coast of Colombia.[7]. The article was an echo of an essay Roffey had published in Wasafiri, Vol. Abstract This article contributes to the sparse literature on democratic regimes in the Caribbean by examining the emergence and persistence of Anglo-Caribbean democracies. West Indian can also refer to things that can be "traced back" to the West Indies but the creators "live elsewhere". More than a million and a half Africans, along with many Indians and South Asians, were brought to the Caribbean between the 15th and 19th centuries. Locating India in the Caribbean: Indo-Caribbean Literature, Gender, and Subjectivity (60) Brinda Mehta. [34], Trinidadian playwright and novelist Earl Lovelace's work has been described as performative epics that mix the rhythms of steelband and calypso with complex narratives about black power and the political, spiritual, and psychic struggles for decolonization. The literature of Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Curaçao, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Martin, St Kitts and Nevis, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos and the U.S. Virgin Islands would normally be considered to belong to the wider category of West Indian literature. Poetry in English from the former British West Indies have be referred to as Anglo-Caribbean poetry or West Indian poetry. Major novelists include Maryse Conde (Guadeloupe), Merle Hodge (Trinidad), Paul Marshall, Elizabeth Nunez (Trinidad-American ), Tiphanie Yanique (Virgin Islands), Rosario Ferre (Puerto Rico), and Michelle Cliff (Jamaica). The literature of the Caribbean is exceptional, both in language and subject. Poet and critic. Then, as part of Spanish-American Modernism, Spanish and French Caribbean writers began to break away from European ideals and to identify themselves with their fellow West Indians, most of whom were black. Anglo-America (also referred to as Anglo-Saxon America) most often refers to a region in the Americas in which English is a main language and British culture and the British Empire have had significant historical, ethnic, linguistic and cultural impact. Anglo-America is distinct from Latin America, a region of the Americas where Romance languages (Spanish, Portuguese and French) are prevalent. We highlight six novels from six Caribbean … Caribbean lands and seas have been depicted as a paradise on earth by foreign artists and writers. Title: Anglo-Saxon Literature 1 Anglo-Saxon Literature 2 The Celts. As far as I know and was able to verify all of these screenshots below are from persons with 4 Anglo-Caribbean-born grandparents from the same indicated nationality. (see this article for more discussion) [30], Giannina Braschi's Empire of Dreams (1988) is a postmodern epic composed of six books of poetry that blend elements of eclogues, epigrams, lyrics, prose poem, diary, jingles, Puerto Rican folklore, and political manifesto. The British Caribbean, developing its national literature after 1945, made its own contribution in the folk dialect novel: Vic Reid’s New Day (1949), Samuel Selvon’s A Brighter Sun (1952) and The Lonely Londoners (1956), George Lamming’s In the Castle of My Skin (1953), and V.S. Many—perhaps most—West Indian writers have found it necessary to leave their home territories and base themselves in the United Kingdom, the United States, or Canada in order to make a living from their work—in some cases spending the greater parts of their careers away from the territories of their birth. CONTACT. Anglo Caribbean home architecture by Village Architects AIA for a client in Hobe Sound, Florida. Locating India in the Caribbean: Indo-Caribbean Literature, Gender, and Subjectivity (60) Brinda Mehta. It is also known as the English-speaking Caribbean, … Ethnic labels given by Europeans do NOT per se reflect how the slaves would have self-identified themselves! Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. "Paradise Revealed: Readings in Caribbean Literature", "Landscape and Genre in the Caribbean Canon: Creolizing the Poetics of Place and Paradise", "The Emptying Island: Puerto Rican Expulsion in Post-Maria Time", "caribbean landscape in literature - Google Search", "`THE `RICH CADENCE` OF CARRIBEAN [sic] LIFE AS CONVEYED BY NOVELIST", "The Paradox of a Hurricane: Death and Love Its Wake", "The Star-Apple Kingdom by Derek Walcott", "Caribbean Women Playwrights: Madness, Memory, but Not Melancholia", "In Praise of Derek Walcott's Epic of the Americas", "Derek Walcott, Nobel laureate whose poetry celebrated the Caribbean, dies at 87", 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199661305.001.0001/oxfordhb-9780199661305-e-043, "Geography, (M)Other Tongues and the Role of Translation in Giannina Braschi's El imperio de los sueños", "Falling for debt: Giannina Braschi, the Latinx avant-garde, and financial terrorism in the United States of Banana", "The Trinidad and Tobago Bocas Literary Festival - Bocas Lit Fest", "Nature Island Literary Festival and Book Fair | Dominica, West Indies", The OCM Bocas Prize for Caribbean Literature, Sovereign states and dependent territories, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Caribbean_literature&oldid=990780452, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Grand Prize for Caribbean Literature, Association of Caribbean Writers (Guadeloupe), This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 13:34. Nieuwe West-Indische Gids / New West Indian Guide, vol. The essays explore key moments in the history of Caribbean Latino literature and bring expert critical attention to trends over the past 150 years. Concentrating on the 1950s to the mid 1970s, it highlights the period's diversity of sexual concerns. Through themes of innocence, exile and return to motherland, resistance and endurance, engagement and alienation, self determination, Caribbean literature provides a powerful platform for Post-Colonial studies and to Caribbean literatures in importance the context of all literature. Caribbean writers, performance poets, newspaper poets, singer-songwriters have created a popular art form, a poetry heard by audiences all over the world. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this Caribbean Literature study guide. HOME. Loman deftly speaks to one of these particular genres on which the Dark Tower series touches, the Anglo-Saxon riddling genre, and how intimate knowledge of this genre allows one to grasp the series' ending in "Riddles Wrapped in Mystery Inside Enigmas: Anglo-Saxon Literature as the Key to Unlocking the Ending of The Dark Tower series." Disclaimers: These charts are NOT meant to be taken as an absolute or definitive display of ethnic origins for modernday populations! There is great abundance of talent, styles, and subjected covered by Caribbean women writers spanning the genres of poetry, theater, short stories, essays, and novels. 28 No. Less imprinted on travellers’ minds is the literature that takes shape under not only the tradewinds of the tropics, but also in the historical web of immigration, exploitation, and colonisation. Today, Caribbean writers are increasingly celebrated for their insight and their ability to craft rich tales. Anglo-America (also referred to as Anglo-Saxon America) most often refers to a region in the Americas in which English is a main language and British culture and the British Empire have had significant historical, ethnic, linguistic and cultural impact. Oxford English Dictionary, 2018, Oxford University Press. The Folk in Caribbean Theatre - LOUIS REGIS 42. This site uses cookies to deliver our services, improve performance, for analytics, and (if not signed in) for advertising. Summing Up: Highly Recommended. ORAL LITERATURE Oral literature can be considered as the earliest form of Caribbean Literature consisting mainly of rich folk- tale traditions, legends and. The leaders of this movement, mainly poets, were Luis Palés Matos (Puerto Rico), Jacques Roumain (Haiti), Nicolás Guillén (Cuba), Léon Damas (French Guiana), and Aimé Césaire (Martinique). Two West Indian writers have won the Nobel Prize for Literature: Derek Walcott (1992), born in St. Lucia, resident mostly in Trinidad during the 1960s and '70s, and partly in the United States since then; and V. S. Naipaul, born in Trinidad and resident in the United Kingdom since 1950. My lecture today will focus on the fiction of the generation of Anglo-Caribbean novelists who came of age in England in the 80s. Native fruits and vegetables appear in colonized and decolonizing discourse. His research interests also include the 18th-century English novel, Caribbean literature, Anglo-Italian cultural relations (Il trionfo della memoria. the start was to cover in this talk the whole field of Caribbean literature, but I have had to narrow down, for obvious reasons. [20][21] Giannina Braschi's postcolonial work United States of Banana imagines a political and economic deal deal between China and Puerto Rico as the exchange of a bowl of rice for a bowl of beans, and a Lychee for a Quenepa.[22]. The West Indies poses an anomaly to … Monique Roffey’s recent article on the Waterstones blog created quite a stir when it was posted and shared over various social media. (Saint-John Perse, who won the Nobel Prize in 1960, was born in the French territory of Guadeloupe.). Omissions? As scholarship expands, there is debate about the correct term to use for literature that comes from the region. Caribbean oral poetry shares the vigour of the written tradition. Playwrights include Una Marson who wrote in English, and Ina Césaire (Martinique) and Simone Schwarz-Bart (France/Guadeloupe) who write in French. Derek Walcott describes the complications of colonialism using local fruit metaphors, such as star apples, in his poetry to connote the complexity of acidity and the sweetness. Caribbean literature is written in Spanish, French or English. Other notable names in (anglophone) Caribbean literature have included Una Marson, Earl Lovelace, Austin Clarke, Claude McKay, Louise Bennett, Orlando Patterson, Andrew Salkey, Edward Kamau Brathwaite (who was born in Barbados and has lived in Ghana and Jamaica), Linton Kwesi Johnson, Velma Pollard and Michelle Cliff, to name only a few. Celebrating Caribbean Literature Day in Jamaica and the Caribbean region. "West Indian." It is most often, however, written in English, Spanish, Spanglish, French, Hindustani, Dutch, or any number of creoles. Corrections? British colonies, with two exceptions, Grenada and Guyana (Domı´nguez, 1998). [28] The work uses local island folklore and ancient Greek myths such as Homer' Iliad to address legacies of Greek, Roman, and American culture including racism and slavery. (shelved 4 times as caribbean-literature) avg rating 3.66 — 1,336 ratings — published 1997 Want to Read saving… Cross-Cultural Studies is the culminating effort of a distinguished team of international scholars who have worked since the mid-1980s to create the most complete analysis of Caribbean literature ever undertaken. James (Trinidad) and the poetry of Derek Walcott (St. Lucia). "Cocktail Conversations: West Indian Vs Caribbean." His father was a Bohemian artist; he died when Walcott was very young. He has lived most of his life in Trinidad. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. This pathway of our MA Literary Studies degree aims to introduce you to a wide range of texts and issues in the literature of the Caribbean and the Caribbean diaspora to highlight significant movements relative to the social, political and historical contexts impacting upon these new literatures. The author of the 1974 anthology West Indian Poetry described Una Marson as “the earliest female poet of significance to emerge in West Indian literature.” She was an advocate for Jamaican literature and the first black woman to be employed by the BBC—she established their “Carribbean Voices” program. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Many Caribbean authors in their writing switch liberally between the local variation—now commonly termed nation language—and the standard form of the language. [2], West Indian is defined as coming from the "West Indies", which includes "the islands of the Caribbean" and was "used first [for] indigenous population, and subsequently both [for] settlers of European origin and of people of African origin brought to the area as slaves." It was not until the 1920s, however, that the challenge of a distinctive literary form was accepted. Works of Caribbean Literature have also been produced by people of Caribbean ancestry who live primarily in Europe and major urban centers of the United States. [12][15], Caribbean novelists imbue island landscape with bustling life of the locals and migrants. Dating to the 16th century, Juan de Castellanos's Elegy to the Illustrious Gentlemen of the Indies (1589) is an epic in verse that traces Columbus's arrival to the conquest of Cuba, Jamaica, Trinidad, and Margarita. 561-743-4959. Latino Caribbeans are engaged in a metaphorical dance with Anglo Americans as the dominant culture. This pathway of our MA Literary Studies degree aims to introduce you to a wide range of texts and issues in the literature of the Caribbean and the Caribbean diaspora to highlight significant movements relative to the social, political and historical contexts impacting upon these new literatures. The Routledge Reader in Caribbean Literature is an outstanding compilation of over seventy primary and secondary texts of writing from the Caribbean. Today, their descendants are active in literature and the arts, producing literature with strong and direct ties to traditional African expressions. (shelved 4 times as caribbean-literature) avg rating 3.66 — 1,336 ratings — published 1997 Want to Read saving…

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