Days of protests across the United States in the wake of George Floyd’s death in the custody of Minneapolis police have brought new attention to questions about police officers’ attitudes toward black Americans, protesters and others. 3White Democrats and white Republicans have vastly different views of how black people are treated by police and the wider justice system. We are fighting a system that has been established for centuries and it is very easy to ignore that fact since we do not experience or witness it. I had the honor of interviewing anti-racism experts and advocates on critical questions regarding racism. And based on this terminology, what word or words do we use to identify that third race? Jully Black and Jeanne Beker Notice it is the white woman – Jeanne Beker – who first interrupts the black woman – Jully Black – who takes the interruption in her stride. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40537-019-0177-4. Therefore, this study is informed by the literature and theories related to the White gaze of Black women, feminist art education, and … It has to be held up to the light and scrutinized without the intent of disproving its existence. We would never tell a client anything different, and at the same time be considered a competent counselor. Your email address will not be published. Fact is that, contrary to what the author says, not all viewpoints are equally valid. Typically, this is a tough topic for White people as viewed in two of the offended sentiments shared above from those who have not yet closely looked at our society as a whole on racism. Enter your email address to subscribe and receive an email anytime a new article is posted at CT Online. Most of these are insightful and valid talking points. Discussion is often guided by questions or a specific topic. 2Black adults are about five times as likely as whites to say they’ve been unfairly stopped by police because of their race or ethnicity (44% vs. 9%), according to the same survey. The article is very much on point…Thank you for the much needed piece on the reality people of color face through out their daily lives. These authors make interpretations, derive meaning and present information from their personal lenses. 10An overwhelming majority of police officers (86%) said in 2016 that high-profile fatal encounters between black people and police officers had made their jobs harder. I believe that it takes consistent effort and rigor to reach accurate empathy for clients. Thank you again for the valid picture of our reality. Assuming the person who wrote this is a practicing counselor, this reflects serious failures in counselor education, implementation of ethical standards, gatekeeping, and basic standards for client safety. Let’s remember that as counselors, we have a unique set of interpersonal skills that can be extremely useful when facilitating conversations about racial injustice. It is important to consider that authors from different cultural backgrounds may have different interpretations, derive different meanings and present information differently, simply due to their frame of reference. What does this mean about me?) Unmasking White supremacy and racism in the counseling profession, Encountering and addressing racism as a multiracial counselor, The historical roots of racial disparities in the mental health system, @TechCounselor: Retaking ownership of your time, https://doi.org/10.1186/s40537-019-0177-4. Contact her at amanda.giordano@uga.edu. 3) Do we acknowledge that multiple interpretations exist for past and current events? Many times, not talking about specific topics begins in the family, if the topic is believed to be uncomfortable—then the topic is not discussed from generation to generation. There is a certain way of being that we deem “normal,” and it makes us comfortable when people behave accordingly. For example, if a Latino contractor does not complete his work satisfactorily, we are tempted to conclude, “Latino contractors cannot be trusted.” We erroneously attribute personal work ethic to race. What does that look like for us personally? No! Sometimes, however, this misunderstanding that stems from our innate differences can lead to serious conflict. Researchers found that when a group is shown photos of different people, black women’s faces were least likely to be recognized out of a group of white men and white women. We need to have more topics like this one to grow and so that we can truly help other people, and cause a ripple in some set patterns of thinking and believing. We know, just by looking at the world around us, that inequity exists and that things are unjust. It makes all sorts of assumptions about “White” people, assumptions that could not be made in such a manner about any other group of people without being labeled racist or prejudiced. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. Michelle Trotman Scott, Brian L. Wright, and Donna Y. Ford. There are many more talking points to consider, but these might help start conversations with White people in our spheres of influence. About a quarter of police officers (26%) said relations between police and black people in their community were “only fair,” while nearly one-in-five (18%) said they were “poor” – with black officers far more likely than others to say so. This racism and willful ignorance is incredibly scary to witness on this forum, and to think that this person is actually working with clients. Amanda L. Giordano is an assistant professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services at the University of Georgia. Often when we listen, we are evaluating what we have just heard (Is this information right or wrong? For example, can one say that President Obama is privileged? There is no finish line to reach for this. In addition to continuing to explore their own White racial identities, I encourage these students to initiate conversations with other White people in their lives about racial injustice. For Native Americans? If I asserted that persons of color desire that White people “act Black,” well, I would indeed be racist because how in the world can I say what persons of color desire? “attributing characteristics and behaviors to race that have no rational correlation”…..”we need to examine the correlations we make between a person’s race and her or his personal characteristics or behaviors.”…”his behavior cannot be attributed to his race”…”This is something that we need to unlearn.” How logical are these attributions? Still, it’s important to provide valid information that can be backed up like the articles that I have included below. Depending on the perspective of the storyteller, this could have been a brutal uprising against the Spanish who were dedicated to bettering the community (Spanish as protagonists) or a liberating revolt in which oppressed Pueblo Native Americans took back the land that was rightfully theirs (Native Americans as protagonists). What about a Black person who looks White? You were never checked in to start, we get the point. and simultaneously developing responses and counterpoints in our head. Currently you have JavaScript disabled. There are always multiple perspectives to every event, and it is important for us to consider differing viewpoints. It isn’t about who is racist or not racist. Also, if we allow our unjust system to continue, we likely will never experience the true joy that comes from living in a diverse community and celebrating cultural differences. Consider an example from history: the Pueblo Revolt of 1680. “The World is a dangerous place, not because of those who do evil, but because of those who look on and do nothing.” – Albert Einstein. These are not “equally valid” viewpoints. Misunderstanding is an inevitable part of life. I am happy to see the topic open for discussion. There are a lot of conceptual problems with these generalizations. If we remain silent, we may be living life, but are we living it to its fullest? If I were to say that “Black people do not attend to the oppression of their neighbors,” I’d be accused of being racist (and it would be true). I am guessing you are one of those looking to pick a fight and not solve the issues we have. This article was right on point. Or was he NOT privileged before he became rich? It can come in the form of microaggressions which are not thought to be offensive but are instead debilitating. There certainly are times when evaluation in conversation is necessary, but when people of color are sharing their experiences of oppression, it is more helpful to listen with the intent to understand, not to evaluate. Required fields are marked *. About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. More information on methodology is available here. Not saying both aren’t true….but you can’t say we should have no bias correlated to race and then open a discussion on “White cultural norms”. And I’ll say this knowing that as soon as what I’ve written is responded to, all sorts of assumptions are going to be made about who I am, and why I’m saying what I’m saying (assumptions that have nothing to do with the content of what I say). Saying and doing nothing despite evidence of racial injustice likely means that we are living in opposition to our values (e.g., equality, justice, respect for the innate worth of all human beings), which can lead to incongruence and cognitive dissonance. The viewpoint that 1 + 1 equals 3 is not equal to the fact that 1 + 1 equals 2. I have many problems with the concept of “white privilege.” My main point here would be that I don’t see that it solves anything: one cannot cure racism with racism. If we treat what is in the room we must, no doubt, be educated on more than race relations. Is that person privileged or no? © 2020, American Counseling Association. Some of these also have taken place to me as a professional, and yes it hurts. A month before George Floyd’s death, black and white Americans differed sharply in confidence in the police, Key findings on how police view their jobs amid protests and calls for reform, From police to parole, black and white Americans differ widely in their views of criminal justice system, Latino confidence in local police lower than among whites, Defining generations: Where Millennials end and Generation Z begins, In past elections, U.S. trailed most developed countries in voter turnout, NATO seen in a positive light by many across 10 member states, U.S. Public Now Divided Over Whether To Get COVID-19 Vaccine, What the 2020 electorate looks like by party, race and ethnicity, age, education and religion, the state of race relations in the United States, how black and white Americans view police. Passing for White, Passing for Black (1991)* It was the New Graduate Student Reception for my class, the first social event of my first ... To be in the presence of these men and attach faces to names was delirium enough. 9A majority of officers said in 2016 that relations between the police in their department and black people in the community they serve were “excellent” (8%) or “good” (47%). Our existence is politicized and it’s nice to see our voice is being heard in the mental health field. One strategy that can help us maintain the proper focus is to listen with the goal of understanding rather than evaluating. Black men and boys face the highest risk of being killed by police–at a rate of 96 out of 100,000 deaths. That’s pejorative, is it not? I have put together a list of 10 book club discussion questions that will work for any book, and still encourage lively and engaging conversation. 2) Do we desire people of color to “act White”? For the rich? It is an awareness that we play a present part in a discriminatory system of which we must work to become aware. I share a few of the main points below. The goal of the conversation is to invite White individuals to engage in a dialogue about systemic privilege and oppression rather than become defensive. ... the unique discrimination that Black women face at the intersection of race and gender. ... "This book raises crucial questions about teaching and learning across race lines, in a racially unequal and segregated society. It’s not quite the token experience that Rosabeth Moss Kanter describes in her classic study of women working in male-dominated spaces. ACA: What is your response to comments like this, when a counselor shamelessly touts her serious unethical behavior? Authors of textbooks and class curricula write from their own frames of reference — they are not neutral, blank slates who simply report the facts. Again, Thanks. Rather than focusing on the lived experience of the speaker, we are focused on what the information says about us. These performances characterized blacks as lazy, ignorant, superstitious, hypersexual, … Beyond outright discrimination, which many still face, there are psychological costs to being one of just a few black faces in a predominantly white environment. In an effort to assist White individuals who desire to initiate conversations with other White people about racial injustice, this article provides five possible points of discussion. We are not attending to the oppression of our neighbors and how they feel; instead, we are attending to the impact of the information on our own sense of self. We MUST have open dialogues to gain understanding. Black men are especially likely to say this: 59% say they’ve been unfairly stopped, versus 31% of black women. The goal of the conversation is to invite White individuals to engage in a dialogue about systemic privilege and oppression rather than become defensive. To complete the subscription process, please click the link in the email we just sent you. J Big Data 6, 12 (2019). One strategy that can help us maintain the proper focus is to listen with the goal of. In a 2019 Center survey, 84% of black adults said that, in dealing with police, blacks are generally treated less fairly than whites; 63% of whites said the same. 7Around two-thirds of police officers (68%) said in 2016 that the demonstrations over the deaths of black people during encounters with law enforcement were motivated to a great extent by anti-police bias; only 10% said (in a separate question) that protesters were primarily motivated by a genuine desire to hold police accountable for their actions. 1Majorities of both black and white Americans say black people are treated less fairly than whites in dealing with the police and by the criminal justice system as a whole. As another aside, I would agree with the Native Americans in the example that the author gave, and not the Spanish. The labels in and of themselves are problematic, and make for poor logic and conversation to say the least. If George Floyd had been White, that incident in Minneapolis would not have happened. Some are wrong, some are right, some are false, some are true, some are fiction, some are non-fiction. How did she feel when it happened? As more White individuals become aware of their White privilege and the racial injustice that exists in our country, greater degrees of systemic change are possible. (+1) 202-419-4372 | Media Inquiries. Favaretto, M., De Clercq, E. & Elger, B.S. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. It is important to consider what comes up for us when we hear people of color share their experiences of oppression. 4Nearly two-thirds of black adults (65%) say they’ve been in situations where people acted as if they were suspicious of them because of their race or ethnicity, while only a quarter of white adults say that’s happened to them. For example, it’s harder for them to find a mentor. If our initial response is defensiveness, it is likely that our focus in that moment is off. A total of 6,637 people responded, out of 9,402 who were sampled, for a response rate of 71%. One can only be held accountable for one’s own thoughts and actions. I’ve found that the best book club discussion questions are ones that are open-ended and that get people to share their personal opinions. 4) Does defensiveness keep us from truly listening to people of color? Since the start of this country, we have fallen prey to an insidious scheme based on faulty logic: attributing characteristics and behaviors to race that have no rational correlation. It has to do with the fact that a white person who may be poor, will not additionally suffer because of the color of their skin. Many White people are genuinely trying to learn how to be culturally competent, but sometimes they can get stuck in a particular mentality: “I enjoy diversity … just as long as people of color act/talk/think in ways that I am familiar with.” Whether intentionally or unintentionally, we may encourage people of color to deemphasize their unique cultural identities to fit into the mold of White cultural norms. (These percentages are based on only those officers who offered a rating.). It requires putting events in context of history and also viewing them in context of power differentials in the world. And yet, how is this any different? For Hispanics? For example, nearly all white officers (92%) – but only 29% of their black colleagues – said the U.S. had made the … We do it so frequently and so automatically that it often goes unrecognized. Sizable majorities also said such incidents had made their colleagues more worried about safety (93%), heightened tensions between police and blacks (75%), and left many officers reluctant to use force when appropriate (76%) or to question people who seemed suspicious (72%). We all know that racism still exists and there are a lot of individuals who are at a disadvantage because of their race. It’s likely that we feel more at ease with what is familiar to us. To see how your experience compares, answer some of the questions that were posed to 101 black teenagers as part of a study measuring the racism they face on a daily basis. Roughly a third of both Asian and Hispanic adults (34% and 37%, respectively) say they’ve been in such situations, the 2019 survey found. What makes him privileged or not privileged? In fact, no one should apologize for the behavior and thoughts of another person. Do I agree or disagree? Thank you for sharing this article. In a racially diverse group, this is a useful way to raise sensitive issues and build mutual understanding. However, far higher shares saw excellent or good community relations with whites (91%), Asians (88%) and Hispanics (70%). Racism is systemic and embedded deeply within the foundation of our country through our ancestors, passed on for generations. The example below is relatively low risk (asking questions anonymously) but the free style of the format can be high risk if the topic under discussion is controversial. But actually to enter into casual social conversation with them took every bit of poise I had. Don't worry! Lets distract by arguing semantics. This process keeps the focus on us — our reactions, our beliefs and our assessment — and gets in the way of truly listening. The world is constantly changing, and talking gets us to speak our perceptions clearly. What is the cause of our desire for people of color to “act White”? 6In the past, police officers and the general public have tended to view fatal encounters between black people and police very differently. (The questions asked for these reports, as well as their responses, can be found in the reports’ accompanying “topline” file or files.). Therefore, the desire for people of color to “act White” is for our comfort. (The 2016 report on how blacks and whites view police in their communities also was based on that survey.) For the first time, I feel like someone has become my voice as a professional. Your email address will not be published. Understanding the Black College Student Experience Abstract According to the US Department of Education (2001), Black college students, when compared with other racial groups, have the highest drop out rate at both two-year and four-year colleges. The first minstrel shows were performed in 1830s New York by white performers with blackened faces (most used burnt cork or shoe polish) and tattered clothing who imitated and mimicked enslaved Africans on Southern plantations. How would this article even apply to him? When a person of color shares her or his experience, can we truly listen with the goal of understanding rather than evaluating? Ugg. For women? It’s has nothing to do with wealth. Individuals who do not completely understand what white privilege means. A new study by LeanIn.Org and McKinsey & Co. paints a troubling picture about the treatment of black women in the workplace. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Sadly, we rarely consider the discomfort that people of color face as they navigate White cultural norms every day. Because of this, it is not uncommon for us to misunderstand one another. If we feel ourselves becoming defensive, we should do a quick mental check-in: “Am I evaluating what is being said and focusing on what it means about me?” If so, perhaps we should press pause and mentally switch our focus back to the speaker (“What was that like for her? OMG, thanks so much. Please go away..thank you. Perinatal health: Education and screening in counseling, CEO’s Message: So long and good riddance, 2020, From the President: Renewing focus on self-care and wellness. 5Black Americans are far less likely than whites to give police high marks for the way they do their jobs. She is a licensed professional counselor and national certified counselor. The study utilized Implicit Association Tests (IAT) to reveal “hidden bias” among whites, blacks, Asian Americans, and biracial black-white and biracial Asian-white adults. 1615 L St. NW, Suite 800Washington, DC 20036USA Opinions expressed and statements made in articles appearing on CT Online should not be assumed to represent the opinions of the editors or policies of the American Counseling Association. In an effort to assist White individuals who desire to initiate conversations with other White people about racial injustice, this article provides five possible points of discussion. Counseling Today reviews unsolicited articles written by American Counseling Association members. We also drew from a September 2016 report on how black and white Americans view police in their communities. Fact is that racism, tribalism, prejudice, etc. How much blackness does a person have to have in their ancestry to qualify as a person of color? I am a Latina and I have experienced my own discrimination and so I know the feeling of oppression. What psychology needs is some good philosophy, and I wish that I were a philosopher and could correct these ills, but I’m not so all I can do is touch upon some of the problems. (+1) 202-857-8562 | Fax Explorations in Economic History. Race and home ownership: A century-long view. It’s simply not a solution to the problem of racism. Logically, we know that skin color, eye shape and hair texture have no correlation with an individual’s morality, intelligence or trustworthiness — yet we have been socialized to make these associations. This article and this type of thinking is nonsensical, and I don’t mind saying why I find it offensive: I will not bow to any kind of pressure to apologize for the behavior of others based on the accident of having the same skin color. Accurate empathy and competence requires an endless unfolding not a terminal position. The 2017 police report was based on two surveys.

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