Common comfrey (Symphytum officinale) is an erect, stout, often branched perennial, 20 – 42 inches tall. Both are dried for later use. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. The History of Rosemary: Discovering the Medicinal... 8 Festive Ways to Use Herbs in Your Holiday Decor. Florida. A detailed look at the life cycle of Wild comfrey (Cynoglossum virginianum). It may be full of minerals but it is not pleasant eating for most tastes. Comfrey Russian, Symphytum ×uplandicum, Warsaw Botanical Garden. Though it grows naturally in northern Europe, most populations are patches that have persisted after being introduced into cultivation. 9 out of 10 plants have purple flowers, while remaining one's flowers are white with just a touch of purple. How people can help Our gardens are a vital resource for wildlife, providing corridors of green space between open countryside, allowing species to move about. It can grow up to 5 feet tall. Leaves large and coarse, ... Because Comfrey hybridizes freely and is so difficult to identify with certainty we have decided to treat Common Comfrey as an aggregate. Largest concentrations are found in the roots, leaves contain higher quantities of the alkaloid as they grow older and young leaves contain almost none. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from Jun to July. Do not use with Eucalyptus. The plant contains a substance called ‘allantoin’, a cell proliferant that speeds up the healing process. Collecting . The plant most commonly referred to and used in gardens is Russian comfrey - Symphytum x uplandicum, a naturally occurring hybrid of two wild species: common comfrey - Symphytum officinale and prickly comfrey … May cause loss of appetite, abdominal pain, vomiting. If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases; If you select any attributes with or without a plant name, you will see a much narrower selection of results taken only from the old RHS Plant Selector database. purple flowers the bees adore. Symphytum officinale is a perennial flowering plant in the family Boraginaceae.Along with thirty four other species of Symphytum, it is known as comfrey.To differentiate it from other members of the genus Symphytum, this species is known as common comfrey or true comfrey. You'll find both in herb gardens and in some flower beds. These plants will have a lot more details displayed including an image. This has a very limited range of application, but is of great benefit in the treatment of broken bones and eye injuries. Mark unread; Skip to new; Mark unread Print Skip to new. Some caution is advised, however, especially in the internal use of the herb. The root and the leaves are used, the root being more active, and they can be taken internally or used externally as a poultice. The leaves are also a very valuable addition to the compost heap. He started there in the mid-1970s, when comfrey leaf was a major part of their harvest. In S. officinale, the anther (the yellow, pollen-bearing part of the stamen) is about as wide as the filament (stalk) on which it sits. Most people would have to consume very large quantities of the plant in order to do any harm, though anyone with liver problems should obviously be more cautious. Stout plant to 1.2 metres. The ½-inch-long rose to bluish flowers are usually larger than those of common comfrey, and their lobes are erect. Comfrey (Symphytum officinale) Plant Identification page from our book Foraging & Feasting: A Field Guide and Wild Food Cookbook by Dina Falconi; illustrated by Wendy Hollender. Identify my common comfrey It is an herbaceous plant that can reach 1.5 meters, with slender, thick, rough and hairy leaves. The anthers are significantly shorter than the filaments. Comfrey is a shrub that grows in parts of Europe, Asia, and North America. External applications and internally taken teas or tinctures of the leaves are considered to be completely safe, but internal applications of tablets or capsules are felt to have too many drawbacks for safe usage. Symphytum is a genus of flowering plants in the borage family, Boraginaceae. The leaves are harvested in early summer before the plant flowers, the roots are harvested in the autumn. Stems erect, widely winged. Even though this plant contains poisonous chemicals called pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs), some people use the leaf, root, and root-like stem (rhizome) to make medicine. The genus is not very large-several dozen species have been described, half of which do not deserve independence, but clearly something has not been done with the classification. Comfrey is rated as a highly effective plant for attracting bees as it has a long flowering period and is suitable for long and short-tongued species. He started there in the mid-1970s, when comfrey leaf was a major part of their harvest. This is a picture of wild comfrey plants that grow in abundance by the river on my land. Foxglove – Young leaves have a softly serrated edge, and many soft hairs; So much that they feel velvety. A liquid feed can be obtained by soaking the leaves in a small amount of water for a week, excellent for potassium demanding crops such as tomatoes. He started with the Sabbathday Lake Shaker Community Herb Department in Maine, America’s oldest herb business, dating back to 1799. The stalk itself is distinctly winged. The flowers are dark purple changing to blue or pinkish changing to pink-blue. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of ... Symphytum asperum prickly comfrey Symphytum officinale common comfrey Symphytum tuberosum tuberous comfrey Symphytum ×uplandicum [asperum × officinale] comfrey Legal … Steven Fosterlives in Eureka Springs, Arkansas and been an herbalist for over 40 years. Comfrey is a commonly used herbal medicine with a long and proven history in the treatment of various complaints. is native to Europe and Asia and there are 40 recorded species throughout that region. I have been taught that the main differences between the Bocking Comfrey's #4 and #14 were that the Bocking #4 is self-seeding, very deep-rooted, it will thrive in drought where most other plants are helpless, higher protein, where as the Bocking #14 strain of Comfrey is shallow-rooted and subject to drought and it is disliked … It is tolerant of being cut several times a year and can be used to provide ‘instant compost’ for crops such as potatoes. I have a one-year old perennial garden with this beautiful plant that is a mystery. The leaf blades do not hug the stem. The peeled roots are cut up and added to soups. Hi, I’m a little confused about my ‘Comfrey’ plant. Common Comfrey is a popular plant in herbal medicine and is regularly used to treat sprains, bruises and wounds, and to ease the pain of arthritis. comfrey plant (on the right) with buds before it bloomed, green alkanet on the left, also a bit on the right with blue flowers. In the middle of the tuft of leaves, flowering stems emerge, bearing bells with different colors depending on the variety. For example, it is not possible to identify a plant brought directly from the Caucasus. Comfrey is the organic gardener's best friend. The flower color ranges from white or creamy yellow to rose, pin, or light to dark purple, and the corolla lobes are curved backward. Comfrey is a herb, with a huge range of uses. Its Latin name, Symphytum, comes from Greek words meaning “growing together of bones” and “plant’”.Besides being used to mend broken bones it’s also used for healing wounds and lung ailments, stopping heavy … Wikimedia commons. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees. Older leaves can be dried and used as a tea. Originating in Southwest Asia, it is naturalized in Europe as well as in parts of the eastern United States. Connecticut. A tea is made from the dried leaves and roots. Russian comfrey (S. x uplandicum) is a hybrid between common comfrey (S. officinale) and prickly comfrey (S. asperum), and grows four to six feet tall. It can be chopped up finely and added to salads, in this way the hairiness is not so obvious. After those leaves are established, it then grows the central flower … It has only narrow wings on the main stalk, and they end between the internodes. This plant contains small quantities of a toxic alkaloid which can have a cumulative effect upon the liver. Young shoots can be used as an asparagus substitute. Comfrey is a powerful healing plant that is sometimes called the king of the vulneraries (healing plants). Deep Breath In: Best Herbs for Your Respiratory Health, This Miracle Nutrient Can Effectively Deal With Joint Pain, Herbal Oil Treatment Soothes Childhood Earache, Ginger Combination Helps Ease Symptoms of Osteoarthritis. Only pick from white flowered Comfrey, see below. Plant Identification; SOLVED: Comfrey or Virginia Bluebells? The German Commission E Monographs, a therapeutic guide to herbal medicine, approve Symphytum officinale for blunt injuries. The blanched stalks are used. Here is that same patch of comfrey… I don't recall if I … Comfrey plants are members of the Symphytum genus, a group of about 35 species of flowering perennials. your own Pins on Pinterest The stamens provide diagnostic characteristics. More. Comfrey is one of the best plants to have in the garden. Damp, often shady localities, in meadows, woods etc, especially near streams and rivers. Discover (and save!) SOLVED: Comfrey or Virginia Bluebells? Comfrey . I took some pictures but they won't … Comfrey identification 21-04-2020, 08:16 AM. Comfrey leaves can be used as a mulch around plants to break down and act as a slow-release source of plant nutrients. The calyx segments are distinctly lance-shaped (long and narrow). A member of the borage family, comfrey - Symphytum spp. “I love plants and sharing information and imagery about the human experience with medicinal and aromatic plants.” You can follow Steven through his website. The leaves narrowly hug the main stalk. I’s leaves look the same as the ones in your photo’s but I planted it, thinking it was a small shrub and it is now about 3 metres high. Russian, Common and Prickly Comfrey, learning how to know them when you see them. How to identify Comfrey, Knitbone, Symphytum officinale. Flowering stalks have leaves attached in an alternating pattern up the stem. Historically, comfrey was used as to heal wounds and broken bones, leading it to be alternately referred to as knitbone or bruisewort. The root and leaves are anodyne, astringent (mild), demulcent, emollient, expectorant, haemostatic, refrigerant, vulnerary. In early spring, the young leaves of both plants look very similar, however, there are key features to help with identification: Comfrey – Comfrey leaves have smooth, uninterrupted edges, and sparse, but bristly hairs. Also known as: True comfrey. Although it is considered by many to be a weed. For example I picked some leaves that were growing wild near me but now I think they could be young foxglove plants! I saw this nearby. agrimony, alpine ragwort, help, tansy ragwort). Unlike other comfrey species, S. officinale has smooth, shining nutlets (seeds), but these are rarely seen. This substance is now synthesized in the pharmaceutical industry and used in healing creams. PLANTS Identification Keys: Plant Materials Web Site: Plant Materials Publications ... Cynoglossum virginianum L. – wild comfrey ... Common names are from state and federal lists. This means that this plant not only produces a great deal of sugar in its nectar on a daily basis, it provides a lot of nectar when compared to other UK plants tested in that survey on a yearly basis, making it a strong source of nectar overall. Hi there, I would like to make some comfrey fertiliser but I'm having a problem identifying what is comfrey and what isn't. The comfrey plant is a perennial, blooming in the spring/summer and dying back in fall/winter. The younger, higher up leaves are more succulent to use as a green but the older, thicker leaves are better for making fritters from. Foxglove – Young leaves have a softly serrated edge, and many soft hairs; So much that they feel velvety. A homeopathic remedy is made from the fresh root, harvested before the plant flowers. Prickly Comfrey, Symphytum asperum. Prickly comfrey (S. asperum) does not have winged stems, and the upper leaves are on very short stalks. The lookalike to be most concerned about is Foxglove Digitalis purpurea. Comfrey has a deep taproot and is a dynamic accumulator, which means that it brings up important nutrients from the soil that other plants benefit from, thus making it a great companion plant.