They have stocky bodies, large heads and beaks and short tails. The only color you don't find on a Poicephalus parrot is blue. Of those species where reliable data is available, the most critically endangered Poicephalus species is the Cape parrot which largely depends on Podocarpus seeds for his diet. Several of the species exist in slightly different forms, or subspecies. With the exception of the red-fronted parrot, the different colours of head and body plumage of these four species do not overlap or blend.  The name is from the Ancient Greek phaios "grey" and -kephalos "headed". Hand reared Senegal Parrots are one of the most popular parrots to be kept as pets, and the most popular Poicephalus parrot. Male has red belly. The population dynamics and conservation status of the various Poicephalus species are heterogeneous, ranging from "least concern" to "endangered". They return to their feeding grounds once more in the late afternoon before leaving for their nocturnal roosts. Poicephalus parrots spend the nights in treetops, returning to the same roosting tree regularly. This holds true for the Poicephalus gulielmi fantiensis subspecies of the red-fronted parrot, for example, which has come under threat because of extensive deforestation and trapping (although The Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) makes trade in such birds illegal). We offer financing go to birdmansparrots.com and apply today or … Most species in the Poicephalus genus are predominantly green. The natural distribution of the grey-headed parrot ranges from wooded lowland savannahs to humid high-altitude rainforests, up to altitudes of 4000 m. Meyer's parrots also occur in the moist forest regions of various life zones, as well as in shrub and grassland savannahs. This page was last edited on 23 November 2020, at 11:46. They do not have a common name (like “Amazons” or “Cockatoos”), but they are a part of the same genus and are grouped as such. There are nine species of Poicephalus parrots but only four species are commonly kept as pets: the Meyer's Parrot, Senegal Parrot, Red-bellied Parrot and Brown-headed Parrot. The Zulu name for the endangered Cape Parrot is "uPholi". Genus Poicephalus. The species most commonly kept in captivity are: Senegal Parrot; Meyer's Parrot; Jardine's Parrot; Brown-headed Parrot; Complete species list So while it is still listed as "least concern" on the IUCN Red List, the Senegal parrot is one of the species most frequently caught from the wild, with 735,775 birds recorded in international trade since 1981. Physically, Poicephalus parrots are considered a medium sized parrot. , The Cape parrot and red-fronted parrot form a superspecies complex.. To the southeast, increasing deforestation limits their range. There are as yet no reliable data concerning the Niam-Niam parrot native to the Chad and Central African Republic and the yellow-fronted parrot endemic to the Ethiopian Highlands. Bird and Parrot classifieds. African parrots largely populate forest or woodland areas. This species was named after the German naturalist Berhard Meyer. More extensive field studies have been undertaken only in South Africa and Namibia so far, hence the most reliable data come from those regions and the species and subspecies living there. Grey head, green back and chest. It was formerly grouped as a subspecies along with the savanna-dwelling brown-necked parrot and grey-headed parrot, but is now considered a distinct species. WE DO SHIP!!! Although they are parrots with rectrices of medium length, their pinion feathers reach down almonst to the end of the rectrices, making their wings appear to be remarkably long. With the exception of the Cape parrot, whose preferred food sources are Podocarpus and Celtis seeds, Poicephalus parrots are readily adaptable dietary generalists. The red-fronted parrot (Poicephalus gulielmi), also known as Jardine's parrot, is a medium-sized mainly green parrot distributed across wide areas of Africa. Because their diet does not contain enough water to cover the parrots' need, they require sources of water within their habitats. A Meyer's parrot has black feathers, turquoise belly, blue rump, and bright yellow markings on the carpal joint of the wings. Except for the yellow-fronted parrot, or poicephalus flavifrons, all other species originate from Africa. History of Poicephalus Parrots: These parrots have variety of types such as red belly parrots, Senegal, uncap parrot, brown head parrot, jardine’s and Mayer’s. Like other wild animals, Poicephalus parrots may be infested with internal parasites like Coccidia, Ascaridida, Capillaria nematodes, and Cestoda (tapeworms). Poicephalus, derived from Ancient Greek, means "made up entirely of head". The Poicephalus parrots consists of nine parrot species that are native to Africa. As with most parrots, Poicephalus parrots thrive on a pelleted base diet, such as Lafeber’s Daily Diet Premium Pellets or Nutri-Berries, supple… Alongside African grey parrots, Senegal parrots still range among the mostly frequently imported parrots from Africa.. The Senegal is a member of the Poicephalus genus of parrots, a group that includes 10 species from central Africa, identified by stocky bodies, short tails, and relatively large heads and beaks. Poicephalus Parrots are small to medium-sized parrots that have robust beak and stocky bodies. It is... How many parrot species are endangered? Then they nest in natural tree-holes found in large trees such as African baobabs and carob trees, where their nesting sites are most commonly found. Living mostly in small family groups constisting of adult birds and their young, Poicephalus parrots sometimes form loose larger groups with other families. Browse through available poicephalus parrots for sale and adoption in arizona by aviaries, breeders and bird rescues. They are native of Sub Saharan Africa. The Brown Headed Parrot doesn’t present a lot of distinct details, but they are unique enough to be easily recognized. But, you shouldn’t co… Little is known about diseases typical of wild Poicephalus parrots but the examination of Cape parrots and Rüppell's parrots found that parts of these populations are infected with the virus that causes the Psittacine beak and feather disease (PBFD). Green, yellow under wings. Another variation is found in male Rüppell's parrots, whose brown plumage is overlaid with silver-grey at the ear patches and the top of their heads, with only a tinge of green on the top-side plumage. The largest Poicephalus species, the Cape parrot, by contrast, is usually almost as large as an African grey parrot, adult males reaching a size of 32 centimeters (≈ 12,6 in.) According to the World Parrot Trust online encyclopedia, the numbers of most Poicephalus species remain unknown but are assumed to be stable, with the exception of red-fronted parrots, whose population seems to be decreasing. Poicephalus Parrots are a playful group of pet birds The parrots that are part of the Poicephalus genus are playful and entertaining. The Cape parrot stands out with a particularly sturdy beak in relation to its overall size which it needs to obtain its main food source, the hard-shelled fruit of Podocarpus trees. Bird and Parrot classifieds. The Sahel and the two other deserts within their habitat (Namib and Kalahari Desert) are natural distribution boundaries because they are no appropriate biotopes for parrots. Poicephalus are available at large pet stores, at avian-retail stores, from bird breeders, as well as for adoption from avian-rescue organizations. Although they do need daily interaction they also can be independent and entertain themselves if provided proper enrichment and lots of toys to chew. and a weight of about 400 g (≈ 14,1 oz). Red-Bellied Parrot The Red-bellied Parrot (Poicephalus rufiventris) is an African parrot. Poicephalus: Short-tailed Parrots. Mostly green, variable amount of red on head and shoulders depending on subspecies, Mostly green, grey or brownish head and necks, Overall dark brown colour, head is dark greyish, yellow on legs and leading edge of wings, female has blue rump and lower back. Some Poicephalus species like Senegal and Meyer's parrots are partial migrants, thus compensating for scarce or seasonally fluctuating food supplies. A roomy cage of average size will suffice. Six subspecies with variable yellow colouration. suahelicus Colour Adult: P.f. Their calls are generally high pitched whistles and squawks, but they are not as noisy as many other parrot species. There is still no treatment available for this often fatal disease and although some birds may show no symptoms, they may nonetheless spread the virus they carry. Meyer's parrot, also known as the brown parrot, is a species of parrot native to Africa. The difference is especially manifest in red-bellied parrots, where males have red or bright orange plumage on breast, belly and below their wings while the feathers of females are all grey-brown in these locations. The Cape parrot is a notable exception among the Poicephalus parrots since it is an oligophagous dietary specialist feeding mostly on the seeds of Podocarpus and Celtis trees. The species name, robustus, is Latin for ‘robust’, probably referring to its beak, which is quite hefty and allows the Cape Parrot to crack open all sorts of hard nuts and fruits; especially those of the yellowwood trees (Podocarpus spp. Browse through available poicephalus parrots for sale and adoption in iowa by aviaries, breeders and bird rescues. Members of the Poicephalus genus are stocky birds with short broad tails and relatively large heads and beaks relative to their size that often differ in color from their trunks. The hatchlings' weight could only be measured in captive breeding so far and is five (Meyer's parrot) to six (brown-headed parrot) gram (≈ 0,18 to 0,21 oz). Currently this FAQ consists of only one question, but is perhaps the most important: Question: Are there differences in personality or pet quality between the different Poicephalus species? The Cape parrot or Levaillant's parrot is a large, temperate forest dwelling parrot of the genus Poicephalus endemic to South Africa. Forshaw recognizes six subspecies of P. meyeri which vary in home range, size and in markings, including the extent of yellow markings to the head and wings and the intense of turquoise markings on the belly and rump. Species Poicephalus cryptoxanthus brown-headed parrot. Blossoms rich in nectar and accessory fruit are also part of their diet as well as insects, although the latter never make up a great part of their food. Depending on the food supplies available, Poicephalus parrots are able to cover large distances: brown-necked parrots have been known to fly ca. They have … Poicephalus parrots are often described as easy-going,affectionate, playful and curious. Other parrot species naturally occurring in the same distribution area as Poicephalus parrots include African grey parrots, African ring-necked parakeets, and different species of lovebirds like red-headed, black-collared, yellow-collared, rosy-faced, black-cheeked, black-winged, Fischer's, and Lilian's lovebirds.  Like lovebirds (Agapornis) and vasa parrots (Coracopsis), the latter being endemic to Madagascar, the Poicephalus parrots are typical specimens of Afrotropical zoogeography. According to H. Strunden, Poicephalus, from Ancient Greek, means "grey head" (poliós = grey and kephalé = head). ), which is prevalent in the Cape Parrot’s habitat. There are nine species of Poicephalus parrots but only four species are commonly kept as pets: the Meyer's Parrot, Senegal Parrot, Red-bellied Parrot and Brown-headed Parrot. Ruppell's Parrots are $1800.00 per pair We will consider trades for other unusual bird species. While there are a total of nine Poicephalusspecies, four are more commonly available as pets: the Senegal parrot, Meyer’s parrot, red-bellied parrot and brown-headed parrot. As answered by: Genus: Poicephalus | Species: fuscicollis Size: 32cm (12.5 in) Weight: 310-400g (10.9-14 oz) Races including nominate: two: P.f. The Senegal parrot, Meyer's parrot, red-bellied parrot, and the brown-headed parrot are popular as pets because they are easier to keep in apartments, being generally quieter and smaller than most other companion parrots. This species diet cinsists of fruits, leaf buds, and seed. Sitting females and nestlings are especially vulnerable to predation, e.g. Age Baby. , A clutch of eggs usually consists of two to four eggs, laid within one to four days and incubated solely by the female through 26 to 28 days.  Meanwhile, the male feeds the female and stays close to the nesting site until some days after the chicks have hatched. The smallest species in the genus Poicephalus is the Meyer's parrot, with adults reaching a body-length of only 22 centimeters (≈ 8,66 in.) Bird and Parrot classifieds. Mostly green and grey. Endearing Characteristics: Parrots of the genus Poicephalus have short rounded bodies and short tails. Parrots have the largest number... Ganbia, Senegal, Ghana, Togo, South Africa, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Angola, Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania, Nigeria, Cameroon, Rwanda, Uganda, Liberia, Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Ethiopia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Angola, Republic of Congo, Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya, Senegal, Guinea, Nigeria, Liberia, Cameroon. It has three subspecies. They only migrate out of breeding season. These are medium sized birds.  For a long time they were considered excellent pet birds because they had a reputation for becoming especially tame. Browse through available poicephalus parrots for sale and adoption in california by aviaries, breeders and bird rescues. Some Poicephalus parrot species are rare and not known or rare in captivity. Subpopulations of red-fronted parrots have been observed roosting in higher altitude areas before descending to their sources of food, overcoming a difference in altitude of about 300 m. After feeding in the morning, Poicephalus parrots often rest in treetops in the vicinity of the respective food source, alternately sleeping or dozing and preening. As soon as the female no longer has to warm the chicks permanently, the male also begins to feed them. All ten species of Poicephalus parrots live in Africa, south of the Sahara. Gender Male. They originally came from Africa’s many environments. Bird and Parrot classifieds. by dasypeltes, boomslangs, monitor lizards like savannah and Nile monitors, baboons, civets, and mongooses. Color N/A. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. Even though they are considered to be small birds, they’ll need plenty of space. If there is plenty of food available, those groups may comprise up to 100 birds. These birds have a short, rounded tail, and a stocky build. Apart from trapping and habitat loss, It is probably for this reasons that the Cape parrot is an endangered species, listed as "vulnerable" by the IUCN.. Hoppe and Welcke point out that data about the population development of Poicephalus parrots are often either inconsistent or obsolete, if they exist at all.. The top four in the list are the most popular poicephalus parrots. Then several different Poicephalus species can be found in one region. Although they are parrots with rectrices of medium length, their pinion feathers reach down almonst to the end of the rectrices, making their wings appear to be remarkably long. Copyright © 2009 - 2021 Parrot Fun Zone. Disputed Sub-species: Poicephalus flavifrons flavifrons (nominate form) - Range: Northern and Central Ethiopia. This is why they were able to spread to such diverse habitats as lowland tropical rain forests, mangrove forests, rain as well as dry forests of different biomes, and the wooded parts of African savannahs. Browse through available poicephalus parrots for sale and adoption in georgia by aviaries, breeders and bird rescues. Yellow under wings. Poicephalus parrots have spread to only a few islands on the African shore. Cape Parrot (Poicephalus robustus) – one of the parrots of Africa The Cape parrot is a large, temperate forest-dwelling South African parrot, and found only in small patches in the east and south of the country in forests dominated by yellowwood trees. Senegal parrots and brown-headed parrots for example have blackish or dark brown heads, while the head plumage of brown-necked and Cape parrots is grey-brown to silver-grey. Members of the Poicephalus genus are stocky birds with short broad tails and relatively large heads and beaks relative to their size that often differ in color from their trunks. Their natural habitat ranges from the coastal regions of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden in the north to the Drakensberg in South Africa and the northern edge of the Kalahari Desert and the Namib in the south. Indeed, the birds in the Poicephalus species seem to have large heads and beaks relative to their body size. Species Parrot. British parrot specialist Rosemary Low has pointed out that, among the Poicephalus parrots, only the Cape parrot is able to crack open walnuts with its beak. At dusk, they start preening before then leaving for their feeding grounds; loud calls usually announce the birds' departure. Unlike cockatoos and Amazon parrots, the Meyer’s parrot isn’t going to demand affection, but it needs a lot of handling nonetheless. Young Cape parrots remain in the nesting cavity for up to 79 days, while the brown-necked parrot chicks leave their home on the 69th day. The first Jardine's Parrot to be scientifically identified was named Congo Jack. The mentioned predators mostly capture eggs and fledgling birds, while adult birds may be hunted by eagles, hawks, falcons, and sparrowhawks of appropriate size. Information regarding brown-headed parrots and Rueppell's parrots are contradictory. , Predators, parasites, and typical illnesses, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Map showing countries of Sub-Saharan Africa", "Diet of the Cape Parrot, Poicephalus robustus, in Afromontane forests in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T119194858A119196714.en, "A molecular approach to the taxonomy and biogeography of African parrots", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Poicephalus&oldid=990206261, Articles to be expanded from December 2009, Featured articles needing translation from German Wikipedia, Science articles needing translation from German Wikipedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The red-fronted parrot only shows a more fluent transition, with merely the slate grey ear patches and the red front and crown cleary set apart. Many Poicephalus parrots have bulky heads and powerful beaks, the colour of which varying with the species. Cape parrots, however, prefer Podocarpus trees and red-bellied parrots are known to nest in cavities of termite mounds. All Rights Reserved. Species Poicephalus flavifrons yellow-fronted parrot. Yellow, orange or red belly depending on subspecies.  The type species was subsequently designated as the Senegal parrot. To see more pictures and obtain information about individual Poicephalus species click on the links below: Swaziland, South Africa, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Kenya. So much so that the Cape parrot populations, already considered one of the most threatened large parrot species of Africa, have become disjunct in an area reaching from the Eastern Cape Province to KwaZulu-Natal. The Yellow-faced Parrot is endangered in its natural habitat (CITES II). Poicephalus There are nine species of Poicephalus parrots but only four species are commonly kept as pets: the Meyer’s Parrot, Senegal Parrot, Red-bellied Parrot and Brown-headed Parrot. Poicephalus parrots are also intelligent and can often learn to talk and perform tricks. The genus Poicephalus belongs to the subfamily Psittacinae of the true parrots (Psittacidae) and comprises ten species of parrots native to various regions of the Afrotropical realm, which encompasses Sub-Saharan Africa, ranging from Senegal in the west, Ethiopia in the east, and to South Africa in the south. Given proper socialization they can bond to the entire household and make excellent pets and loyal friends. Whereas red-bellied parrots and Senegal parrots are apparently still rather frequent, some subspecies of otherwise stable species of Poicephalus parrots have become endangered due to habitat loss and trapping. Several of the species exist in slightly different forms (or subspecies). While brown-headed parrots and Niam-Niam parrots have a grey upper mandible and an off-white lower one, other species have a homogeneously grey-coloured beak or a horn-coloured one with a darker tip. , How long the non-captive hatchlings stay in the nest is poorly known, more precise observations of wild specimens are only available for Cape parrots and brown-necked parrots. Even though some groups of Poicephalus parrots sometimes cause losses in orchards, maize or millet fields near settlement areas, they are generally shy and keep away from humans. Poicephalus parrots are quite distinct and are easily spotted thanks to their features. The Yellow-fronted Parrot or Yellow-faced Parrot (Poicephalus flavifrons) is endemic to Africa, specifically northern and central Ethiopia. fuscicollis, P.f. Sadly, almost a third of the world's parrot species is under threat of extinction.  Several of the species show marked sexual dimorphism, where the adult male and female birds can be easily identified from variations in feather colouration, but in other species there is no sexual dimorphism or the differences are not so marked. While some Poicephalus populations have come under pressure from habitat loss, others are affected by trapping for the pet trade. Posted in Parrot Species. Poicephalus parrots nest in tree hollows. The Cape Parrot population is significantly threatened by Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease (PBFD). Poicephalus parrots are native to the African continent. There are 10 species of parrots that fall into the genera of Poicephalus. The extent and shade of the red or orange plumage on its head, thighs, and bend of wings vary depending on the subspecies. The genus Poicephalus was introduced by the English naturalist William John Swainson in 1837. An owner should have the time to spend with this parrot, though it is often content to entertain itself with something chewable, like rawhide, rope knots and soft wood. SIGNS OF A HEALTHY BIRD: A healthy bird should be perky, active and alert with bright, clear eyes, cere and nares (nostrils). The much large Jardine’s parrot is also available but more likely to be found in an avian-specialty store or direct from a bird breeder. There are many parrot species belonging to this group including the Senegal Parrot, Brown-headed, Cape/Un-cape, Jardine’s, Meyer’s, Niam-niam, Red-bellied, Ruppell’s and Yellow-faced. Normally, the distribution areas of the different Poicephalus species do not overlap but this may happen when food becomes scarce after longer periods of drought and the parrots are forced to migrate to find more abundant food sources. Poicephalus Parrots. Generally, poicephalus parrots have big heads, strong bones, and a stocky build. These medium sized parrots are not as noisy as many other parrot species and they prefer a quiet home environment. Commonly kept species of the genus Poicephalus include the Senegal parrot, Red-bellied parrot, Meyer’s parrot, Jardine’s parrot, Cape parrot, and Brown-headed parrot. Species Profile. The trade in this species probably began in the early 19th century already, when Senegal parrots first appeared as companion birds in Europe. This is a species in which the males seem to talk better than hens. Thus Poicephalus parrots can be found in any tropical and subtropical habitat across Africa, except the high-altitude mountains, although they also live in the subtropical Afromontane regions and a geographical region where Kalahari desert and the South African Highveld merge. So while brown-headed parrots can be found on Pemba Island in the Indian Ocean, and Senegal parrots occur on the Îles de Los off the Guinean coast, Poicephalus parrots have become extinct again on Zanzibar.
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