lasiocarpum.[63]. Case reports of itchy skin or mouth, mild headache, and stomach upset after handling or eating eggplant have been reported anecdotally and published in medical journals (see also oral allergy syndrome). Similarly, H.C.F. Semiwild types can grow much larger, to 225 cm (7 ft 5 in), with large leaves over 30 cm (12 in) long and 15 cm (6 in) broad. Many plants have edible leaves too, … Answer for question: Your name: Answers. Sometimes fried tomatoes and deep-fried potatoes are also added, creating a dish called begun bhorta. The Arabic word bāḏinjān was borrowed into Greek by the eleventh century CE. Fruit Types And Edible Parts Agriculture Exams Study Material Agronomy Horticulture Plant Pathology Entomology Plant Breeding Genetics Current Affairs It is widely cultivated for its fruit, commonly eaten as a vegetable. Lesser-Known Vegetables. [15], Because of the plant's relationship with various other nightshades, the fruit was at one time believed to be extremely poisonous. [31] This variety was designed to give the plant resistance to lepidopteran insects such as the brinjal fruit and shoot borer (Leucinodes orbonalis) and fruit borer (Helicoverpa armigera). The Hobson-Jobson dictionary comments that 'probably there is no word of the kind which has undergone such extraordinary variety of modifications, whilst retaining the same meaning, as this'.[26]. What are the edible parts of Brinjal plant? Bicolored cultivars with color gradient include 'Rosa Bianca', 'Violetta di Firenze', 'Bianca Sfumata di Rosa' (heirloom), and 'Prosperosa' (heirloom). Answer. It is a good source of vitamin C and potassium[201]. The most widely cultivated varieties—cultivars—in Europe and North America today are elongated ovoid, 12–25 cm (4 1⁄2–10 in) long and 6–9 cm (2 1⁄2–3 1⁄2 in) broad with a dark purple skin. Eggplant is also known as aubergine, and it belongs to the Solanaceae family of the plant kingdom. Many of the pests and diseases that afflict other solanaceous plants, such as tomato, capsicum, and potato, are also troublesome to eggplants. These forms also gave rise to the Caribbean English melongene. It can be stuffed. Your IP: 163.44.185.54 If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. [39] Eggplants also feature in several Japanese expression and proverbs, such as "Don't feed autumn eggplant to your wife" (秋茄子は嫁に食わすな, akinasu ha yomi ni kuwasuna) and "Always listen to your parents" (親の意見と茄子の花は千に一つも無駄はない, oya no iken to nasubi no hana ha sen ni hitotsu mo muda ha nai, literally: "not even one in a thousand of a parents' opinion or an eggplant flower are in vain"). Slim cultivars in purple-black skin include 'Little Fingers', 'Ichiban', 'Pingtung Long', and 'Tycoon', In green skin, 'Louisiana Long Green' and 'Thai (Long) Green'. Tweet. Good sanitation and crop rotation practices are extremely important for controlling fungal disease, the most serious of which is Verticillium. Typically used as a vegetable in cooking, it is a berry by botanical definition. The eggplant was sometimes considered a variety violaceum of that species. Due to its texture and bulk, it is sometimes used as a meat substitute in vegan and vegetarian cuisines. Modern descendants of this ancient Dravidian word include Malayalam vaṟutina and Tamil vaṟutuṇai. [47] Another popular dish is adobong talong, which is diced eggplant prepared with vinegar, soy sauce, and garlic as an adobo. Elsewhere in China, such as in Yunnan cuisine (in particular the cuisine of the Dai people) they are barbecued or roasted, then split and either eaten directly with garlic, chilli, oil and coriander, or the flesh is removed and pounded to a mash (typically with a wooden pestle and mortar) before being eaten with rice or other dishes. [10] It has been cultivated in southern and eastern Asia since prehistory. Vegetable Common Edible Parts Other Edible Parts Beans, snap pod with seeds leaves Beans, lima seeds pods, leaves Beets root leaves Broccoli flower leaves, flower stem Carrot root leaves Eggplants can also be battered before deep-frying and served with a sauce made of tahini and tamarind. Broccoli is a plant, but the edible parts humans consume are unopened flowers. Eggplant can be hollowed out and stuffed with meat, rice, or other fillings, and then baked. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Scopoli's S. zeylanicum refers to the eggplant, and that of Blanco to S. In Brinjal or eggplant (Solanum melongena), fruits are used as vegetable. [31][32], On 9 February 2010, the Environment Ministry of India imposed a moratorium on the cultivation of Bt brinjal after protests against regulatory approval of cultivated Bt brinjal in 2009, stating the moratorium would last "for as long as it is needed to establish public trust and confidence". This fruit is also used to make appetizers and salads. But you can eat the seeds baked and eat all of the inner flesh cooked. Bicolored cultivars with striping include 'Listada de Gandia' and 'Udumalapet'. Minor changes in nutrient composition occur with season, environment of cultivation (open field or greenhouse), and genotype. These leaves are edible and may be eaten cooked or fresh, or used as a garnish. Like the tomato, its skin and seeds can be eaten, but, like the potato, it is usually eaten cooked. Names for various eggplant types, such as {{lang|la|agreste, album, divaricatum, esculentum, giganteum, globosi, inerme, insanum, leucoum, luteum, multifidum, oblongo-cylindricum, ovigera, racemiflorum, racemosum, ruber, rumphii, sinuatorepandum, stenoleucum, subrepandum, tongdongense, variegatum, violaceum"", and viride, are not considered to refer to anything more than cultivar groups at best. Cloudflare Ray ID: 5fba10eb4e13ef55 The fruit should not be eaten raw[132]. Plants can look just as good as they taste. Four years should separate successive crops of eggplants to reduce pest pressure. The stem is often spiny. [25] Bāḏinjān is itself a loan-word in Arabic, whose earliest traceable origins lie in the Dravidian languages. Fruit Types And Edible Parts MCQ Agriculture Exams Study Material Agronomy Horticulture Plant Pathology Entomology Plant Breeding Genetics Current Affairs Female P. operculella use the leaves to lay their eggs and the hatched larvae will eat away at the mesophyll of the leaf. Some common cultivars have fruit that is egg-shaped, glossy, and purple with white flesh and a spongy, "meaty" texture. Why are My Eggplants Seedy? A 2008 study of a sample of 741 people in India, where eggplant is commonly consumed, found nearly 10% reported some allergic symptoms after consuming eggplant, with 1.4% showing symptoms within two hours. In Georgia, for example, it is fried and stuffed with walnut paste to make nigvziani badrijani. [31] This decision was deemed controversial, as it deviated from previous practices with other genetically modified crops in India. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit. A few proteins and at least one secondary metabolite have been identified as potential allergens. The plant and fruit have a profusion of English names. Brinjal seeds germinate one to two weeks after sowing. It may also be roasted in its skin until charred, so the pulp can be removed and blended with other ingredients, such as lemon, tahini, and garlic, as in the Arab baba ghanoush and the similar Greek melitzanosalata.

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