[49] In the Gran Chaco of Paraguay, where a native variety (Jatropha matacensis) also grows, studies have shown the suitability of Jatropha cultivation[50][51] and agro producers are starting to consider planting in the region. The plant has a rounded or narrow domed form and gets up to 15 ft (4.6 m) tall with a spread of 10 ft (3.1 m) or so, although in cultivation it is usually smaller. Names of Jatropha in various languages of the world are also given. On the occasion of Burma’s Peasant Day 2006, Than Shwe described in his a message that “For energy sector which is an essential role in transforming industrial agriculture system, the Government is encouraging for cultivation of physic nut plants nationwide and the technical know how that can refine physic nuts to biodiesel has also identified.” He would like to urge peasants to cultivate physic nut plants on a commercial scale with major aims for emergence of industrial agriculture system, for fulfilling rural electricity supply and energy needs, for supporting rural areas development and import substitute The Caribbean Islands, Central America. There are fewer planes than cars or trucks and far fewer jet fueling stations to convert than gas stations. [2] It is originally native to the tropical areas of the Americas from Mexico to Argentina, and has been spread throughout the world in tropical and subtropical regions around the world, becoming naturalized or invasive in many areas. Obtain cuttings from a jatropha tree that is at least 8 months old and producing shoots. The Jatropha tree is a fast grower – the dwarf variety gets only 6 to 8 feet tall. You can add top soil as well, especially if the soil in that area is very dry. The leaves are … It needs full to part sun and a well-drained spot. Jatropha is a genus of flowering plants in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae.The name is derived from the Greek words ἰατρός (iatros), meaning "physician", and τροφή (trophe), meaning "nutrition", hence the common name physic nut.Another common name is nettlespurge. 16°31’N, Long. [47] This small tree is very resistant to aridity so it can be planted in hot and dry land in soil unsuitable for food production. – 1 hectare should yield around 7 tonnes of seeds per year. The Mexican non-toxic Jatropha curcas L., food resource or biofuel? How A Biofuel Dream Called Jatropha Came Crashing Down : The Salt People thought the hardy Jatropha tree was the answer to the food vs. fuel debate, until it … 2009. A small tree or shrub with a palm-like look. Let Collier Cutters of SWFL be your landscape contractor. It can be propagated by cuttings, which yields faster results than multiplication by seeds. Little, Woodbury, and Wadsworth, 1974. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), © Collier Cutters of SWFL - (239) 908-0878 - Naples FL 34117 - License # - LCC20170000134. Brittaine, R. and Lutaladio, N. 2010. The 747-400 powered one of its four engines on the fuel mixture during the 1-hour flight around Beijing airport. Compact jatropha flowering shrub is ideal for a hedge, accent, specimen or container, and can be grown indoors. [32] The plant may yield more than four times as much fuel per hectare as soybean, and more than ten times that of maize (corn), but at the same time it requires five times as much water per unit of energy produced as does corn (see below). Transesterification is a simple chemical reaction that neutralizes the free fatty acids present in any fatty substances in Jatropha. The kernels are roasted and eaten as a snack or roasted and ground to prepare different dishes, such as tamales, soups and sauces like “pipian”. – The oil pressed from 4kg of seeds is needed to make 1 litre of biodiesel. Jatropha Jatropha Species J. multifida - J. multifida is an upright, tree-like, semi-succulent, evergreen shrub or small tree bearing large, rounded, palmate, dark green leaves divided into numerous narrowly lance-shaped leaflets and long, erect stems bearing flattened clusters of scarlet flowers in summer. 15°23’W) in the Saint-Louis region. [21], propagation of Jatropha curcas by stem cutting, propagation of Jatropha curcas by grafting, propagation of Jatropha curcas by Air layering. Jatropha Tree PNG images & PSDs for download with transparency. Studies on nutritive potential and toxic constituents of different provenances of Jatropha curcas. economy. On 15 December 2005, then-head of state, Senior General Than Shwe, said “the States and Divisions concerned are to put 50,000 acres (200 km²) under the physic nut plants [Jatropha] each within three years totalling 700,000 acres (2,800 km²) during the period”. ", "Mali's Farmers Discover a Weed's Potential Power", Biofuel jatropha falls from wonder-crop pedestal, Biofuel 'wonder-crop' jatropha failing to deliver, "UK firm's failed biofuel dream wrecks lives of Tanzania villagers", "Biodiesel wonder plant could spell doom for Kenya". Jatropha: This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 05:32. #15875771 - Jatropha curcas Linn. [59] Although it is known as a toxic plant due to the presence of diterpenes named phorbol esters,[60] the existence of edible non-toxic J. curcas without phorbol esters content has been demonstrated. For example: "The idea that jatropha can be grown on marginal land is a red herring", according to Harry Stourton, former business development director of UK-based Sun Biofuels, which attempted to cultivate Jatropha in Mozambique and Tanzania. [57][58], Xuta, chuta, aishte or piñón manso (among others) are some of the names given in Mexico to edible non-toxic Jatropha curcas. Moreover, jatropha leaves contain much vitamins and oxygen level which are good for the blood circulation around the penis organ to make it looks bigger and healthier. These plants can reach about 15 feet tall and have an equal spread when left unpruned. The six hectares were divided into twelve half-hectare plots. The plants are self-compatible. See more ideas about plants, tree, florida gardening. To keep your indoor container plant manageable, trim it to size and possibly root prune older plants. Jatropha plants are native to Central America and well-adapted to the tropics and subtropics of the world. When jatropha seeds are crushed, the resulting jatropha oil can be processed to produce a high-quality biofuel or biodiesel that can be used in a standard diesel car or further processed into jet fuel, while the residue (press cake) can also be used as biomass feedstock to power electricity plants, used as fertilizer (it contains nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium). Complete germination is achieved within 9 days. [8][9] J. curcas also contains compounds such as trypsin inhibitors, phytate, saponins and a type of lectin[10][11] known as curcin. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 11: 001-007. A delightful shrub for a sunny spot in any size South Florida landscape, this pretty plant grows full and lush with regular trimming, and makes an excellent accent or anchor for a garden bed with other butterfly attracting plants. Martínez-Herrera, J., Jiménez-Martínez, C., Martínez Ayala, A., Garduño-Siciliano, L., Mora-Escobedo, R., Dávila-Ortiz, G., Chamorro-Cevallos, G., Makkar, H.P.S., Francis, G., Becker, K. 2012. The reaction occurs by the presence of a catalyst, usually sodium hydroxide (NaOH) or caustic soda and potassium hydroxide (KOH), which forms fatty esters (e.g., methyl or ethyl esters), commonly known as biodiesel. Non-toxic jatropha plants as a potential multipurpose multi-use oilseed crop. Add composted cow manure to the hole when you plant. The plant does need water to grow though, so coastal areas where desalinated seawater can be made available are ideal. This tree is a fast grower - the dwarf variety gets only 6 to 8 feet tall. On April 1, 2011 Interjet completed the first Mexican aviation biofuels test flight on an Airbus A320. Journal of Science of Food and Agriculture 88: 1542-1548. [9][61] It is also similarly reported that Jatropha seeds are edible once the embryo has been removed. [4] Common names in English include physic nut, Barbados nut, poison nut, bubble bush or purging nut. The plant lives for up to 50 years and may grow nearly 20 feet (6 m.) tall. JAVASCRIPT IS DISABLED. Forestry Thesis "Vegetative propagation of Jatropha, Karanj and Mahua by Stem cuttings, Grafting, Budding and Air layering". Growing interest in harvesting biodiesel from it has led many organizations and entire countries to incentivize jatropha cultivation in wastelands, arid lands and some purely desert areas. The use of pesticides is not necessary, due to the pesticidal and fungicidal properties of the plant. Very showy coral type flowers and big 1.5" bright yellow nuts keep coming over and over. (2006) Department of Forestry, Indira Gandhi Agricultural University Raipur (C.G.)M.Sc. Adding manure during the germination has negative effects during that phase, but is favorable if applied after germination is achieved. [citation needed] Jatropha oil is not suitable for human consumption, as it induces strong vomiting and diarrhea. At home, it is usually grown in jatropha gouty. Bayer CropScience Press Release, June 18, 2008. The process through which the glycerin is separated from the biodiesel is known as transesterification. Bioenergy has started Jatropha Plantation Projects in Northern Shan State, the company has begun planting Jatropha plants during late June 2007 and will start producing seeds by 2010. [38] Three Mercedes cars powered by Jatropha diesel have already put some 30,000 kilometres behind them. The tree can grow on average for 40 years or more. Jatrophas are drought-tolerant once established, preferring regular waterings with time to dry out in between. It is used in rural Bengal for dhobi itch (a common fungal infection of the skin). [citation needed], When jatropha seeds are crushed, the resulting jatropha oil can be processed to produce a high-quality biofuel or biodiesel that can be used in a standard diesel car or further processed into jet fuel, while the residue (press cake) can also be used as biomass feedstock to power electricity plants, used as fertilizer (it contains nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium). Universidad Veracruzana, México. The cake can also be used as feed in digesters and gasifiers to produce biogas. Reaches 815 feet tall and wide. Makkar, H.P.S., Francis, G., Becker, K. 2008. To identify the SPL genes in the Jatropha genome, the SBP domain was used as a query to search against the Jatropha genome. Similar Images . 60: 100 pp. J. Agric. Floral biology and artificial polinization in physic nut in the north of Minas Gerais state, Brazil [Biologia floral e polinização artificial de pinhão-manso no norte de Minas Gerais], Duong T.H. Glycerin is another by-product from Jatropha oil processing that can add value to the crop. [2] It is resistant to a high degree of aridity, allowing it to grow in deserts. (a literature review) Biomass and Bioenergy 32(12), 1063–1084. [56], Jatropha curcas is lauded as being sustainable, and that its production would not compete with food production, but the jatropha plant needs water like every other crop to grow. Good yields are produced by year three, and maturing yields by year four or five. (S112223156) It takes approximately 10% of methyl alcohol by weight of the fatty substance to start the transesterification process. [39] To fulfil the yearly demand for aviation fuel, based on demand in 2008 (fuel use has since grown), an area of farmland twice the size of France would need to be planted with jatropha, based on average yields of mature plantations on reasonably good, irrigated land. In fact, jatropha requires five times more water per unit of energy than sugarcane and corn. Friends of the Earth kicks against Jatropha production in Africa, "All Washed Up for Jatropha? It can thrive in poor and stony soils, although new research suggests that the plant's ability to adapt to these poor soils is not as extensive as had been previously stated. Rotate this 3D object and download from any angle. [45], According to a 2013 study published by the European Geosciences Union,[46] the jatropha tree may have applications in the absorption of carbon dioxide, whose sequestration is important in combating climate change. There was a total of 20 full-length SPL genes identified. [citation needed], Currently the oil from Jatropha curcas seeds is used for making biodiesel fuel in Philippines, Pakistan and in Brazil, where it grows naturally and in plantations in the southeast, north, and northeast of Brazil. [53][54] Sun Biofuels, after failing to adequately compensate local farmers for the land acquired for their plantation in Tanzania, pay workers severance, or deliver promised supplies to local villagers, went bankrupt later in 2011, the villager farmland being sold to an offshore investment fund. Root ashes are used as a salt substitute. [43], On October 28, 2011 Air China completed the first successful demonstration flight by a Chinese airline that used jatropha-based biofuel. A Jatropha tree is drought-tolerant once established, preferring regular waterings with time to dry out in between. Edible (non-toxic) provenances can be used for animal feed and food.[15][8]. Add to Likebox #14776990 - Physic nut . Evaluation of the nutritional quality of non-toxic kernel flour from Jatropha curcas L. in rats. The tiny flowers won’t make a mess so placement very close to a patio, walk or drive works fine. Erin Voegele for Biodiesels Magazine. Preparative Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 40 (2): 107-118. Jatropha multifida, Adenoropium multifidum Family: Euphorbiaceae Jatropha Tree Origin: Puerto Rico. Deep green leaves are heart shaped, to 1 feet long and 7 inches wide, on 4- … Aviation fuels may be more widely replaced by biofuels such as jatropha oil than fuels for other forms of transportation. ; 2017; The Effect of Fruit Maturity on the Physiological Quality and Conservation of Jatropha curcas Seeds; Revista Ciência Agronômica, v. 48, n. 3, p. 487-495; DOI: 10.5935/1806-6690.20170057; accessed at. Industrial Crops and Products 42: 397-401. [citation needed], Jatropha curcas can easily be propagated by both seed or cuttings. Learn About The JATROPHA Explore The JATROPHA A delightful shrub for a sunny spot in any size South Florida landscape, this pretty plant grows full and lush with regular trimming, and makes an excellent accent or anchor for a garden bed with other butterfly attracting plants. Other government officials declared Burma would soon start exporting jatropha oil. How Jatropha is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. [59][9] It is grown in house gardens or other small areas. Xuta is traditionally prepared for local celebrations or popular parties. Clonal techniques can help in overcoming these problems. Add to Likebox #17437545 - Jatropha trees. Journal of Food Quality 35:152-158. [35], In 2007 Goldman Sachs cited Jatropha curcas as one of the best candidates for future biodiesel production. DOI: 10.1080/10826060903558588. [16], Estimates of Jatropha seed yield vary widely, due to a lack of research data, the genetic diversity of the crop, the range of environments in which it is grown, and Jatropha's perennial life cycle. Fertilize 3 times a year – once each in spring, summer and autumn – with good-quality granular fertilizer, preferably one high in phosphorus. The Jatropha tree is a fast grower – the dwarf variety gets only 6 to 8 feet tall. [21] Some people recommend propagation by seed for establishment of long-lived plantations. – Jatropha trees are productive for up to 30-40 years. Jatropha integerrima is native to Cuba and the West Indies and is sometimes called peregrina, spicy Jatropha, or fire-cracker. Jatropha is a hard plant and it has short gestation … The fuel was a 70:30 traditional jet fuel biojet blend produced from Jatropha oil provided by three Mexican producers, Global Energías Renovables (a wholly owned subsidiary of U.S.-based Global Clean Energy Holdings), Bencafser S.A. and Energy JH S.A. Honeywell's UOP processed the oil into Bio-SPK (Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene). [18] Jatropha curcas thrives on a mere 250 mm (10 in) of rain a year, and only during its first two years does it need to be watered in the closing days of the dry season. (2005 from MRTV), In 2006, the chief research officer at state-run Myanma Oil and Gas Enterprise said Burma hoped to completely replace the country's oil imports of 40,000 barrels a day with home-brewed, jatropha-derived biofuel. If planted in hedges, the reported productivity of Jatropha is from 0.8 to 1.0 kg of seed per meter of live fence. This could create competition for water between the jatropha and other edible food crops. The mixture was a 50:50 mix of conventional jet fuel blended with jatropha oil from China National Petroleum Corp. The project is supported by DaimlerChrysler and by the German Association for Investment and Development (Deutschen Investitions- und Entwicklungsgesellschaft, DEG). At the end of the process, the glycerin settles and the biofuel floats. Jatropha cultivated under drip irrigation close to the Senegal river between September 2007 - April 2008 at the village of Bokhol (Lat. [52], Myanmar is also actively pursuing the use of jatropha oil. The flowers only develop terminally (at the end of a stem), so a good ramification (plants presenting many branches) produces the greatest amount of fruits. Jatropha integerrima tree or shrub with red flowers, Indies Jatropha in garden Trees that are used in the treatment of ulcers that are cut, use for prohibit bleeding or abscess ulcer. [29], The oily seeds are processed into oil, which may be used directly ("Straight Vegetable Oil") to fuel combustion engines or may be subjected to transesterification to produce biodiesel. [22] When jatropha plants develop from cuttings, they produce many branches but yield fewer seeds and do not have enough time to develop their taproot, which makes them sensitive to wind erosion. I have grown this one several times, but in … List of various diseases cured by Jatropha. It contains approximately 170 species of succulent plants, shrubs and trees (some are deciduous, like Jatropha curcas). [3] The specific epithet, "curcas", was first used by Portuguese doctor Garcia de Orta more than 400 years ago. [39][41] In the same press release, Air New Zealand announced plans to use the new fuel for 10% of its needs by 2013. Ploughing and planting are not needed regularly, as this shrub has a life expectancy of approximately forty years. Jatropha is a perennial shrub or tree. In 2008 researchers at Daimler Chrysler Research explored the use of jatropha oil for automotive use, concluding that although jatropha oil as fuel "has not yet reached optimal quality, ... it already fulfills the EU norm for biodiesel quality". HCN and rotenone are present.[64]. Usually, methanol and ethanol are used for the purpose. A drought-tolerant evergreen, dwarf jatrophas reach only six to eight feet high, auditioning well as a single accent choice or as part of a 12-tree chorus. In, Igbinosa OO, Igbinosa EO and Aiyegoro OA (2009) Antimicrobial activity and phytochemical screening of stem bark extracts from, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "JATROPHA IN AFRICA. Above all our professional crews can help with all of your landscape needs, from installation and design to total yard maintenance. Purification and characterization of curcin, a toxic lectin from the seed of Jatropha curcas. [34], Jatropha can also be intercropped with other cash crops such as coffee, sugar, fruits and vegetables. Oil content varies from 28% to 30% and 80% extraction, one hectare of plantation will give 400 to 600 litres of oil if the soil is average. It needs full to part sun and a well-drained spot. is a new tree for a new way to bioenergy.. Vegetative propagation has been achieved by stem cuttings, grafting, budding as well as by air layering techniques. To construct a phylogenetic tree of the nine Jatropha species, the non‐redundant CDS of J. curcas CN clustered by CD‐HIT v4.6.4 (Li and Godzik, 2006) was mapped by blastp (Camacho et al., 2009) against those of nine Jatropha species and castor bean with an e‐value of 1e −10 (Figure 3b). The individual flowers on this species are star-shaped and generally red, although a pink-flowered variety … Jatropha is a deciduous large shrub or small tree that can reach up to 5 meters in height with smooth gray bark. Jatropha mcvaughii tree in Huntington Gardens with close up of leaves in second photo; my own seedling in summer (just a naked stick in winters) Jatropha multifida, or Coral Plant is less common than Jatropha integerrima, but it is not rare. Ease of cultivation: Easy with small difficulties: The size: Can reach heights up to 1 m: Growth rate: It grows rapidly: by 15-30 cm per year. Major concerns included its invasiveness, which could disrupt local biodiversity, as well as damage to water catchment areas. Martínez-Herrera, J., Martínez Ayala, A., Makkar, H.P.S., Francis, G., Becker, K. 2010. 45: 3152-3157. Keep the trunk free of baby shoots to maintain the tree look. [43] Global Energías Renovables operates the largest Jatropha farm in the Americas. These plants can be cold-sensitive and do best in Zone 10. Common Name: Spicy Jatropha or Peregrina; Bloom Form: Five petal single; Mature Size: 6 to 8 feet; Fragrance: Light; Suggested Uses: Urban, Accent, Garden or Patio Pot; House Plant Adapative: No, High Light Needs For Flowering; Country of Origin: USA; Limited Conditional Warranty: Healthy Arrival ; Extended Long Term Warranty: None Jatropha plants are native to Central America and well-adapted to the tropics and subtropics of the world. [33] However, as it has not yet been domesticated or improved by plant breeders, yields are variable. Campo Experimental Zacatepec, Mexico. A Jatropha tree will grow in large containers as long as they can dry out between drinks of water. A hectare of jatropha has been claimed to produce 1,892 litres of fuel. Cuttings should be taken preferably from juvenile plants and treated with 200 micro gram per litre of IBA (rooting hormone) to ensure the highest level of rooting in stem cuttings. et al. Available in: doi: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1153.1123. 2013. Makkar, H.P.S., Becker, K., Sporer, F., Wink, M. 1997. Jatropha is a hardy plant and it has a short gestation period when compared to other oilseed crops. Jatropha curcas grows in tropical and subtropical regions. Jul 8, 2014 - Explore Green Way's board "Jatropha Tree", followed by 154 people on Pinterest. Despite the military's efforts, the jatropha campaign apparently has largely flopped in its goal of making Burma self-sufficient in fuel. Never fear – leaves or not, a jatropha will still flower non-stop. It has a deep, thick taproot which makes it adaptable to poor, dry soil. 72 p. Osuna-Canizalez, F.J., Atkinson, C.J., Vázquez-Alvarado, J.M.P., Barrios-Gómez, E.J., Hernández-Arenas, M., Rangel-Estrada, S.E., Cruz-Cruz, E. 2015. Jatropha is an evergreen shrubor small tree with glossy leaves and clusters of star shaped bright scarlet or vermilion flowers. [44], On August 27, 2018 SpiceJet completed the first successful test flight by an Indian airline which used jatropha based biofuel. If you plant several in a row, place them 4 to 6 feet apart. [20] The plant can grow in wastelands and grows on almost any terrain, even on gravelly, sandy and saline soils. Jatropha curcas is a species of flowering plant in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae, that is native to the American tropics, most likely Mexico and Central America. The draught-resistant "dream" biofuel is also a water hog", http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1080/1091581070146, "Turkey Red Oil: Defoaming & wetting agent, manure, lubricant, emulsifier", "Turkey Red Oil - from CastorOil.in Castor Oil Dictionary - CastorOil.in", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jatropha_curcas&oldid=991272881, Articles with dead external links from April 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2014, Articles needing additional references from December 2016, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Prune heavily in spring (late March and early April) and it will fill out quickly to become lush and full. [30], There are several forms of biofuel, often manufactured using sedimentation, centrifugation, and filtration. [48] Large plantings and nurseries have been undertaken in India by many research institutions, and by women's self-help groups who use a system of microcredit to ease poverty among semiliterate Indian women. Heller, Joachim; 1996; Physic Nut, Jatropha curcas L. - Promoting the Conservation and Use of Underutilized and Neglected Crops, p.31; Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research, Gatersleben; International Plant Genetic Resources Institute; Rome; Gadekar Kumarsukhadeo Prakash. Archer Daniels Midland Company, Bayer CropScience and Daimler AG have a joint project to develop jatropha as a biofuel. [40], On December 30, 2008, Air New Zealand flew the first successful test flight from Auckland with a Boeing 747 running one of its four Rolls-Royce engines on a 50:50 blend of jatropha oil and jet A-1 fuel. On January 7, 2009 Continental Airlines successfully completed a test flight from Houston, Texas using a 50/50 mixture of algae/jatropha-oil-derived biofuel and Jet A in one of the two CFM56 engines of a Boeing 737-800 Next Generation jet. State of the art on science and technology for production and processing of non-toxic Jatropha. [17] Another productivity factor is the ratio between female and male flowers within an inflorescence, more female flowers mean more fruits. Jatropha is a tropical evergreen that has slender stems and multiple trunks. Jatropha trees are an established source of high-grade green oil which is already used to power transport and can be used for large-scale energy production. Valdes-Rodríguez, O.A., Sánchez-Sánchez, O., Pérez-Vazquez, A., Caplan, J. To keep your indoor container plant manageable, trim it to size and possibly root prune older plants. – 2,200 trees can be planted per hectare (approx 1,000 per acre). The railway line between Mumbai and Delhi is planted with jatropha and the train itself runs on 15–20% biodiesel. Jatropha bio-diesel production and use. jatropha curcas. Lifespan: Perennial plant, more than 15 years. Likewise, jatropha oil is being promoted as an easily grown biofuel crop in hundreds of projects throughout India and other developing countries. Achten WMJ, Mathijs E, Verchot L, Singh VP, Aerts R. Achten WMJ, Verchot L, Franken YJ, Mathijs E, Singh VP, Aerts R, Muys B 2008. (20 July 2007 from New Light of Myanmar), As of 2011 scepticism about the "miracle" properties of Jatropha has been voiced. Supplement with bone meal to promote heavier bloom. Juhász, S. Pimenta, B.O. Select a shoot that is 18 to 40 inches from the base of the tree. Centro de Investigación Regional Pacífico Sur. Jatropha curcas plant as a species of particular interest with potential for cultivation even in constrained land (Warra and Prasad, 2016) has shown its tolerance to mercury (Hg)-contaminated soils from historical gold mines that represent a potential risk to human health and the environment (Marrugo-Negrete et al., 2016). Gómez-Pompa, A., Marín-Andrade, A.I., Campo-García, J., Domínguez-Landa, J.H., Cano-Asseleih, L.M., Segura-Juárez, L.M., Cuéllar-Martínez, M., Fernández-Sánchez, M.J., Sánchez-Sánchez, O., Lozoya, X.

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