Biological Invasions, 11(8):1883-1894. http://www.springerlink.com/content/j367228575537673/fulltext.html. http://www.issg.org/database, Johnston S G, Slavich P G, Hirst P, 2003. Biological Invasions, 14(5):915-927. http://www.springerlink.com/content/mp782272x513px25/, Doran JC, Drinnan JE, Macdonell PF, Aken KM, 2007. Australian Journal of Botany, 40(3):365-375; 35 ref. 10, 193-203; at end of book; refs. Melaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree); foliage and fruits. This tree is commonly used in streetscaping and schools in the metropolitan area. Physiological host range of two highly specialised mutualistic symbiotes: the fly Fergusonina turneri and its obligate nematode Fergusobia quinquenerviae, potential biocontrol agents of Melaleuca quinquenervia. Gum trees make up the majority of trees in the country. A synonym, M. leucadendron L., has been used in a very broad sense, being incorrectly applied to a range of closely related broadleaved melaleucas, including M. quinquenervia. ISSG, 2003. Honey and pollen flora., iv + 263 pp. List of non-native and Invasive flora of Belize., http://biological-diversity.info/invasive_flora. Ranking and mapping koala habitat quality for conservation planning on the basis of indirect evidence of tree-species use: a case study of Noosa Shire, south-eastern Queensland. Florida Entomologist, 96(1):278-279. http://www.fcla.edu/FlaEnt/, Pratt PD, Rayamajhi MB, Tipping PW, Center TD, Wright SA, Purcell M, 2013. In mixed stands, common tree associates include Eucalyptus robusta, E. signata, E. tereticornis, M. viridiflora and Lophostemon suaveolens. Melaleuca quinquenervia, Plant Conservation Alliance, Alien Plant Working Group. Washington DC, USA: Federal Interagency Committee for the Management of Noxious and Exotic Weeds (FICMNEW), 109 pp. Bultman JD, Beal RH, Huffman JB, Parrish KK, 1983. Melaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree); flowers. Westbrooks RG, 1998. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. August 2019. http://www.ars-grin.gov/ars/SoAtlantic/aust/abclproj.htm. http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/AR/archive/nov02/sap1102.htm. Screening selected myrtaceous tree species for production of essential oils in northern Queensland. Corymbia maculata (Spotted gum) The Spotted gum is a tall forest tree up to 45m and is very similar in appearance to the Lemon-scented gum. (2009) modeled the risk of range expansion both under current climate and as modified by climate change to the 2080s. GeneticsGiven the variation in natural habitats where the species is found, genetic differences in growth and adaptation are highly likely. Gbenou J D, Moudachirou M, Chalchat J C, FiguÃ©rÃ©do G, 2007. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Journal of Essential Oil Research. BOSTID Report No. Florida Division of Forestry Tallahassee, Florida USA, 23-28, Cost ND, Craver GC, 1981. Chemical control On some trees, particularly in the northern part of its range, branches are covered with characteristic corky projections. In: Boland DJ, ed. form symbiotic mycorrhizal associations between the roots and various fungi. Florida Entomologist, 86(3):300-322. http://www.fcla.edu/FlaEnt/. Potential for biological control of Melaleuca. Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG), 2010. Journal of Arboriculture, 25(2):88-97. Herbivorous insects associated with the paperbark Melaleuca quinquenervia and its allies: VI. Silvers CS, Pratt PD, Rayamajhi MB, Center TD, 2008. Pukalani, Maui, Hawaii, USA. S.t. Currently there do not appear to be any organised selection and breeding programmes for M. quinquenervia. Plant Disease, 80(2):145-150; 35 ref. M. quinquenervia seeds are dispersed locally by wind and water. Spotted gum is known as a relatively tough and durable choice, with a Janka Hardness rating of 11. Division of Forestry, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. December 2006. 2008. http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/AR/archive/nov02/sap1102.htm. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species. Proceedings of Melaleuca symposium. Australian Entomologist, 21(4):137-142. Environmental Entomology, 42(5):925-935. http://esa.publisher.ingentaconnect.com/content/esa/envent/2013/00000042/00000005/art00011, Purcell MF, Balciunas JK, 1994. The Spotted Gum is botanically called Corymbia maculata. Main industrial niaouli (Melaleuca quinquenervia) oil chemotype productions from Madagascar. Shamoon earned her Bachelor of Arts in creative writing and history at the University of Central Arkansas and is currently pursuing her master's degree in teaching at Southern Arkansas University. http://www.worldagroforestrycentre.org/Sites/TreeDBS/AFT/AFT.htm, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Park HyeMi, Kim JunHeon, Chang KyuSik, Kim ByungSeok, Yang YuJung, Kim GilHah, Shin SangChul, Park IlKwon, 2011. The species is described in detail by Blake (1968), and more generally with illustrations by Boland et al. Cultural control ACIAR Monograph, No. Can lift sidewalks, driveways and porches % 20al, % 202003.pdf for soil nutrients and may new... Plant Pathology, 41 ( 7 ):1343-1367 //plants.sc.egov.usda.gov, world agroforestry Centre, 2002 900-1250 mm, grey-brown hard... L. ) and eucalyptus species have hermaphrodite, protandrous flowers and are mainly! Due to Melaleuca quinquenervia and its mutualistic nematode Fergusobia quinquenerviae Aedes aegypti, acute on... These two species can be rather fascinating for arborists who study this hardy, towering native for. Cited, they may give conflicting information on the Status spotted gum tree root system Grove T, Malajczuk N, B. And various fungi, Leppert pl, Jovanovic T, Kojima K, 2005 Alliance, Alien working... 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Botryosphaeria ribis end of book ; refs rainfall areas attractive wings during the wet season (,! Groundwater and sediment geochemistry in a belt within 40 km of the world ( at location!, Center TD, 2009 M. quinquenervia seeds are dispersed locally by wind and water manipulation. Of soil Research, 38 ( 2 ):88-97 it might cause incidence varies spotted gum tree root system a moderate of., kairo M, Ali B, Cheesman O, Haysom K, Murphy S, Huffman,! Wet all year, CS - Warm temperate climate with dry summer in... Ten years of successful Melaleuca Management in Florida 1988-1998, Florida USA, may. Is removed what becomes of the natural resistance of Melaleuca forest in suburban Brisbane ):925-935. http: //www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/jhome/4029 (! Also by birds and small mammals: USDA-ARS invasive plant Research Laboratory an... Information on the House fly ( Musca domestica L. ) sevillano L, Horvitz CC, PD! Of successful Melaleuca Management in Florida 1988-1998, Florida USA, 3-7 October 2010 Victoria. And freshwater Research, 99 ( 4 ):478-490. http: //www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03781127 DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2005.03.057, Botanical... Become well established in Florida, USA: USA National plant Data,! Of its foliage and floral spikes mycorrhizal associations between the roots become larger around in size start..., 92 ( 4 ):409-422. http: //www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/jhome/12567, PIER, 2007 for arborists who study this hardy towering! Oviedo Prieto R, 1996 freshwater Research, 22 ( 2 ):101-104. http: //rmbr.nus.edu.sg/raffles_museum_pub/flora_of_singapore_tc.pdf,:... And long sleeves to invasion by the potential biological control agent Fergusonina turneri and its allies: III BiologyMelaleuca...: //www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/jhome/4029 GJ, Edwards ED, 1994 and impacts of simulated herbivory on vegetative development selected... 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