Duke, N., Kathiresan, K., Salmo III, S.G., Fernando, E.S., Peras, J.R., Sukardjo, S., Miyagi, T., Ellison, J., Koedam, N.E., Wang, Y., Primavera, J., Jin Eong, O., Wan-Hong Yong, J. This can travel far and wide propelled by wind and ocean currents, and so it is to be expected that trees are found wherever a suitable habitat exists. Aeg.-Arab. Avicennia bicolor Standl. Its distribution is disjunct in Western Australia; the population of the Abrolhos Islands is 300 km (190 mi) further south than the nearest population of Shark Bay. Avicennia was named for Avicenna – Ibn Sina (980-1037), a Persian physician-philosopher. http://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T178828A7619457.en, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Coates Palgrave, M. 2002. As with other Avicennia species, it has aerial roots (pneumatophores); these grow to a height of about 20 cm (5 in), and a diameter of 1 cm. Every travel agent's idea of a tropical paradise involves white, palm-fringed beaches and "the murmur of summer seas" - but what are those trees with the startlingly white trunks between the palms, down by the river mouth? arabica Walp. It is a pioneer in muddy soil conditions with a pH value of 6.5 to 8.0, but is intolerant of shade. [15] The most inland occurrence of mangroves in Australia is a stand of grey mangroves in the Mandora Marsh, some 60 km from the coast. Homonyms Avicennia marina Vierh. comm.) Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Curiously, experiments at the then University of Durban-Westville (G.S. With that background it is hardly surprising that I have never seen nor heard of anyone trying to grow the white mangrove in a garden. Avicennia marina; Media in category "Avicennia marina" The following 86 files are in this category, out of 86 total. resinifera (G. Login to add your Comment A systematic revision of the mangrove genus Avicennia (Avicenniaceae) in Australasia. – gray mangrove. Salvius, Stockholm. Avicennia marina ssp. Glen, H.F. 2004. Genera Plantarum edn 5. Small to medium-sized tree (3-11 m), main trunk straight, up to 76 cm in diameter, with much branched, rounded crown. var. ... Avicennia tonduzii Mold. However the use mentioned by Gomes e Sousa above suggests that it might be possible if the garden in question includes a large, subtropical swamp. Avicennia flourishes where silt and mud has accumulated and in some harbours, especially those abutting cities it has become a problem species. Linnaeus, C. 1747. Apart from a limited use in stabilising the shores of tropical estuaries, this tree is essentially totally unsuited to cultivation. This may be whitish, a characteristic described in the common name. Their last landfall in the Atlantic was Madeira, the Azores or the Canaries, from where they went almost to Brazil (but not landing anywhere) before turning south-eastwards and rounding the Cape. alba (BI.) resinifera (G. Subordinate Taxa. Dendrologia de Moçambique. Vierh. Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove tree classified in the plant family Acanthaceae (formerly in the Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae).As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. Avicennia bicolor. Vierh. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Vierh. Read on and find out. ); mangal, towozi, txomahati (Xironga); isikhungathi (isiXhosa, isiZulu) - these from Van Wyk et al. They thus sailed past all the Avicennia localities in the Atlantic without stopping, and only made landfall in the Indian Ocean. Distribution. Reference taxon from World Plants in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. A number of botanists have proposed division of the species, but currently three subspecies are recognised: Data related to Avicennia marina at Wikispecies Another mangrove system is found even further south (500 km) at Bunbury. The habit is a gnarled arrangement of multiple branches. Government Printer, Nairobi. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Palmer, E. & Pitman, N. 1973. Avicennia germinans (L.) L. — Symbol AVGE Common Name black mangrove Botanical Family Verbenaceae … Scientific plant list. Common names: white mangrove (Eng. Avicennia marina var. [12][13] The species is also found in Somalia.[14]. Avicennia tomentosa arabica Walp. 1977. ); mangal, towozi, txomahati (Xironga); isikhungathi (isiXhosa, isiZulu) - these from Van Wyk et al. As with other Avicennia species, it has a… var. Flora & Fauna Publications Trust, Durban. These allow the plant to absorb oxygen, which is deficient in its habitat. Common names The Kiswahili name Uchu (coastal Kenyan) and Mtswi (Giriyama) are recorded on herbarium specimens, as are many other vernacular names within its vast range. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. (2009). Bruguiera gymnorhiza has numerous names in English, the most common one is porbably Large-Leafed Orange Mangrove followed by Oriental Mangrove. Van Wyk, A.E., Van den Berg, E., Coates Palgrave, M. & Jordaan, M. 2011. Scientific Name: Avicennia marina Arabic Name: Qurm قرم IUCN Red List Endangered Status: Least Concern The grey mangrove (Avicennia marina) is named after Avicenna or Ibn Sina (AD 980-1037), one of the most significant Islamic philosopher-scientists.It is a mangrove tree which can thrive in both high salinity and freshwater habitats.. Dictionary of names for southern African trees. The fruit contains large cotyledons that surround the new stem of a seedling. Vierh. Mabberley, D.J. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Extensive underground root system with 'pencil roots' (pneumatophores or breathing roots) up to 90 mm long, sticking up out of the mud in dense stands spreading out from tree. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Description: Small tree or shrub up to 9 m high, branches, inflorescences and lower surface of leaves greyish or silvery; pneumatophores numerous and projecting from the shallow lateral roots. Pinax Theatri Botanici. Unusually among mangroves, these trees can exude excess salt through their leaves, and it is not uncommon to find salt crystals adhering to the leaves. And finally, being a mangrove this tree needs prodigious amounts of water. The leaves are thick, 5 to 8 cm (2.0 to 3.1 in) long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or grey, with very small matted hairs on the surface below. However almost all mangroves are threatened by over-exploitation in parts of their range (such as Arabia and India), and this one is no exception. Click here to register. However, other early explorers sailed to the Caribbean, and A. germinans (L.) L. is known from late seventeenth century material in the Sloane Herbarium. traditional use. The Plant List includes a further 34 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Avicennia.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Grey Mangrove, White Mangrove. This is a pioneer mangrove, and among the first to colonise open tidal habitats, later being restricted to the more inland parts of the swamp where conditions are at their most extreme. Avicennia marina Name Synonyms Avicennia alba var. ; seed developing on the tree, fruit usually splitting after falling; water-dispersed. martii Mold. The leaves are thick, 5 to 8 cm (2.0 to 3.1 in) long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or grey, with very small matted hairs on the surface below. The leaves are thick, five to eight centimetres long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or … marina: AVMAM: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) APNI*. Soil requirements for this tree are unknown, but probably include anaerobic mud. australasica (Walp. Pages in category "Avicennia marina" This category contains only the following page. Avicennia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? http://plants.usda.gov. Avicennia marina subsp. Struik, Cape Town. 2. Scientific Name Common Name Photos; AVMA3: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Then this is one of the half-dozen worst ideas in the entire South African flora for you! The name gymnorhiza comes from two Greek words "gymno" naked and "rhiza" root, naked root which refers to the exposed knee roots of Bruguiera gymnorhiza emerging from the ground. Geographic subdivisions for Avicennia marina var. Not registered yet? Media related to Avicennia marina at Wikimedia Commons. Avicennia marina subsp. The genus Avicennia is named after one of the greatest luminaries of mediaeval Islamic science, the Persian physician, naturalist, philosopher and mathematician Abu Ali Husain Ibn Abd Allah (Abu Ali Alhosain Ibn Sina, 980-1037 AD). australasica is a many-branched woody shrub or small tree favouring tidal flats of harbours and estuaries.It is easily recognized by its bushy growth with opposite fleshy leaves and aerial roots (pneumatophores) which rise vertically from the mud. As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Mabberley (2008) reports that the timber, like that of many mangroves, is resistant to termites. Field guide to trees of southern Africa. Vierh. APNI* Description: Small tree or shrub up to 9 m high, branches, inflorescences and lower surface of leaves greyish or silvery; pneumatophores numerous and projecting from the shallow lateral roots. You have a small, cold, water-wise garden? Van Wyk, A.E. The results can also be downloaded as a CSV file (Unicode UTF-8 encoding).. See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions. Trees of southern Africa. Avicennia marina Forssk. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Avicennia marina . The increase of Avicennia is however a symptom of a more serious issue, that is the impact of increased sedimentation rates within harbours whose catchments have been seriously degraded and/or deforested. [16] The grey mangrove can experience stunted growth in water conditions that are too saline, but thrive to their full height in waters where both salt and fresh water are present. Seeds of this species are believed, without published evidence, to be "recalcitrant", meaning that they are very short-lived once they reach maturity.The seeds germinate in the fruit while still on the tree. 2008. & Ngoc Nam, V. (2010). Avicennia marina (Forssk.) gray mangrove: AVMAM2: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Strelitzia 25. & Manyama, P.A. Avicennia, also called black mangrove, genus comprising at least eight species of trees or shrubs in the family Acanthaceae. australasica (Walp.) The first recognizable account of the genus Avicennia was published by Caspar Bauhin (1623), though he confused our tree with a mango, and cited even earlier herbals by, among others, Garcia de Orta, who probably saw both trees in India. ssp. var. (2009) list the white mangrove as being of Least Concern, which is reasonable, given its immense range and abundance where it occurs. Avicennia — Blühender Zweig der Schwarzen Mangrove (Avicennia germinans) Systematik Asteriden Euasterid … Deutsch Wikipedia. Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove tree classified in the plant family Acanthaceae (formerly in the Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae). South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Before experimenting, please be aware that every swamp where this tree grows naturally in South Africa is protected and you will need a permit to collect seed in this country, or an import permit and phytosanitary certificates to bring seed in from elsewhere in its range. Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. Common Names: Afiafy (Malgache-Betsimisaraka & Tanosy, Madagascar, Central and southeast) In Australia, it extends much farther south than other mangroves, occurring in every mainland state. Moistened seeds could be heaped into stone ovens, sealed with bark, baked for two hours then soaked in a pool dug in sand before eating. Common names: white mangrove (Eng. The habit is a gnarled arrangement of multiple branches. Vierh. Synonyms . Briza Academic, Pretoria. & Van Wyk, P. 1997. Mabberley's Plant-book, edn 3. The breathing roots cover a vast area, much larger than the crown, and in nature they tend to crowd out anything else between them. Avicennia alba Bl. In South Australia along the Barker Inlet and Port River in Gulf St Vincent, as well as in sheltered bays in Spencer Gulf and the west coast of Eyre Peninsula, A. marina forests form hatcheries for much of the state's fish and shellfish commercial and recreational fisheries. Splitting after falling ; water-dispersed 15 ] tanning and for the preparation of a brown dye of... All proper mangroves, it extends much farther south than other mangroves, it extends much farther than! — Blühender Zweig der Schwarzen mangrove ( Avicennia germinans ) Systematik Asteriden Euasterid Deutsch... Can change the display of the mangrove genus Avicennia includes between 4 and 14,. 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