» Gibbons » … Creatures » Cellular Organisms » Eukaryotes » Opisthokonts » Animals » Bilateria » Deuterostomes » Chordates » Vertebrates » Jawed Fish » Bony Fish » Lobe Finned Fishes » Terrestrial Vertebrates » Amniotes » Synapsids » Therapsid » Cynodonts » Mammals » Therians » However, some species are more common to find that others. White rings around their eyes and mouths give their faces a mask-like appearance. The Eastern Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys) is one of two species of Hoolock Gibbon. Eastern hoolock gibbons. Between August 2010 and September 2011, we studied the ranging behavior of one habituated group of eastern hoolock gibbon (H.leuconedys) living in a seasonal montane forest in Gaoligongshan, Yunnan, China. Very recent investigations have shown that the hoolock gibbons are not closely related to B. sericus, so they have been placed in their own genus, Hoolock. However, the type species for Bunopithecus is Bunopithecus sericus, an extinct gibbon or gibbon-like ape from Sichuan, China. Eastern Hoolock Gibbon Hoolock leuconedys (Groves 1967) collect. Mootnick and Groves stated that hoolock gibbons do not belong in the genus Bunopithecus, and placed them in a new genus, Hoolock. Indian records of the species likely to actually represent the Western Hoolock (2013) Description of a new subspecies of Hoolock gibbon, "Description of a new species of Hoolock gibbon (Primates: Hylobatidae) based on integrative taxonomy", "New species of gibbon discovered in China", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hoolock_gibbon&oldid=983715958, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 20:46. eastern hoolock gibbon [Hoolock leuconedys] Östlicher Hulock {m} zool. There are numerous threats to Hoolock Gibbon, including habitat encroachment, forest fragmentation, hunting for, A win for weavers: community entrepreneurship prize, Both Hoolock Gibbon species are separated by the Chindwin River in western Myanmar, which flows into the Irrawaddy. Nature Picture Library offers the best nature photographs and footage from the world's finest photographers, to license for commercial and creative use. WildFilmsIndia. T. eastern hoolock gibbon [Hoolock leuconedys] Östlicher Weißbrauengibbon {m} zool. In other gibbon genera the number is 50 (Symphalangus), 52 (Nomascus) and 44 (Hylobates), respectively. Hoolock gibbons is a primate from gibbon family and are wild animals found in certain parts of Indian jungles too. Eastern Hoolock Gibbon the only lesser ape found in India. (1987) Notes on the distribution and conservation of Phayre’s leaf monkey and Hoolock gibbon in India. With long and slender arms, hoolock gibbons are swift creatures, barely needing to step on the ground. (1991) Ecology of the Hoolock gibbon, a lesser ape in the tropical forests of North-eastern India. They live together in monogamous pairs, which stake out a territory. The two species differ in their fur coloration and DNA sequences, and may have diverged about 1.42 million years ago. Choudhury, A.U. Species recognized by … [4] Its range extends into seven states covering Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, and Tripura (The seven northeastern states of India).[5][6]. Indian records of the species likely to actually represent the Western Hoolock, The species has experienced a drastic population decline in the last 30 to 40 years. 2013). CONTACT Content by Andie Ang unless otherwise stated © 2014-2020 | Andie Ang. eastern hoolock gibbon (H. leuconedys) living in a seasonal montane forest in Gaoligongshan, Yunnan, China. T. hoolock gibbons [genus Hoolock] Weißbrauengibbons {pl} zool. After some studies, the genus was divided into three subgenera (including the siamang's Symphalangus), and then into four (recognizing Bunopithecus as the hoolock subgenus distinct from other gibbon subgenera). Links are in blue. India’s biodiversity is home to an incredible variety of flora and fauna. Just better. People Resources and Conservation Foundation | Terms of Use, and in southwest Yunnan (China). The classification of this gibbon has changed several times in the past few years. Hoolocks are the second-largest of the gibbons, after the siamang. Their calls serve to locate family members and ward off other gibbons from their territory. Eastern hoolock gibbons in Gaoligongshan inhabit the coldest habitat of all gibbon populations, but both conservation and research efforts on this population have been minimal. Die Weißbrauengibbons oder Hulocks (Hoolock) sind eine Primatengattung aus der Familie der Gibbons (Hylobatidae). Hoolock leuconedys . This site remains a work in progress. 1983; Liu et al., 1987). These four subgenera were elevated to full genus status. It is found in some parts of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam in India, and in southern China and north-east Myanmar outside India. Choudhury, A.U. Most gibbons dwell in the tropical forests of Southeastern Asia, but eastern hoolock gibbons (Hoolock leuconedys) survive in high montane forest ranging from 1,600 to 2,700 m a.s.l. Eastern hoolock gibbon** Hoolock leuconedys (Syn. T. western hoolock gibbon [Hoolock hoolock, also: Hoolock hoolock hoolock, syn. The genus of hoolock gibbons comprises two previously described living species, the western (Hoolock hoolock) and eastern hoolock (H. leuconedys) gibbons, geographically isolated by the Chindwin River.We assessed the morphological and genetic … Map credit: Chermundy & IUCN/Creative Commons. Choudhury, A.U. They reach a size of 60 to 90 cm and weigh 6 to 9 kg. We conducted a survey of the distribution and population status of the eastern hoolock gibbon Hoolock leuconedys in non-protected fragmented forest areas of the Lower Dibang Valley district of Arunachal Pradesh, India, during September 2010–June 2011. Of the two, the western hoolock is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Redlist, while the eastern hoolock is listed as Vulnerable, and both species’ populations have been declining due to habitat destruction of various forms and hunting for meat. EASTERN HOOLOCK GIBBON. SOURCES : IUCN IASbhai WINDUP: Surrounded by tea estates and villages, the shrinking forest is plagued by habitat loss, fragmentation, and human pressures. Their life expectancy in the wild is about 25 years. (2006) The distribution and status of hoolock gibbon, Choudhury, A.U. Their diet consists mainly of fruits, insects and leaves. 2 years ago | 65 views. Slideshow Share image « « Eastern Hoolock Gibbon hanging from a branch » Share this image —... Hoolock Gibbon copyright Nikhil Devasar 21 Mar 2009. Western hoolock gibbon ( Hoolock hoolock ), mother and infant. - Nature Picture Library eastern hoolock gibbon The Oxford English Dictionary says that the name "Hoolock" is from the Assamese হলৌ (holou) or related languages. The species is found in extreme eastern corner of Assam and parts of Arunachal Pradesh, Myanmar east of the Chindwin River, and in south west Yunnan of China. [1][2] A new subspecies of the western hoolock gibbon has been described recently from northeastern India, which has been named the Mishmi Hills hoolock gibbon, Hoolock hoolock mishmiensis. The Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary, the only protected area in India established to protect the eastern hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys), is located here. Hoolock leuconedys (Groves 1967) Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. Es ist eine von drei Arten von Hoolock Gibbon. The genus Hoolockis unique among gibbons in possessing a diploid chromosome number of 38 (Prouty et al. In the process, the two subspecies of hoolock gibbons have been raised to species level. Quite the same Wikipedia. The hoolock gibbons are three primate species of genus Hoolock in the gibbon family, Hylobatidae, native to eastern Bangladesh, Northeast India, Myanmar and Southwest China. After eight to 9 years, they are fully mature and their fur reaches its final coloration. Eastern hoolock gibbon. This separation was supported by pelage differences in specimens in the American Museum of Natural History and the British Museum. overview; data; media; articles; maps; names; Scientific Names. Driving 120 kilometers (75 miles) north from Barekuri, the lush green fields of the easternmost corner of Assam gradually give way to the Mishimi Hills of Lower Dibang Valley district in Arunachal Pradesh state. We describe a species of Hoolock gibbon (Primates: Hylobatidae) that is new to science from eastern Myanmar and southwestern China. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. After about six months, the hair of males will darken and turn black, while the female hair remains buff-colored throughout her life. In 2009 the it was considered as one of the 25 most endangered primates in the world. All information about hoolock gibbons comes from studies on western hoolock gibbons (Hoolock hoolock) living in lowland forest. Like the other gibbons, they are diurnal and arboreal, brachiating through the trees with their long arms. T. hoolock gibbons [genus Hoolock] Hulocks {pl} zool. Sexes of both species have distinct white eyebrows, which are closer together in the Western Hoolock, making this the main visual diagnostic feature. : Bunopithecus hoolock leuconedys)** (GROVES, 1967) Photo by: ZGAP - Zootier des Jahres 2019 : Additional images here: www.biolib.cz: Number of Subspecies: 00: Information Source for Taxanomy: Wilson, Don E. / Mittermeier, Russel A.; HMW Vol. Preferred Names. Classically, all gibbons were classified in the genus Hylobates, with the exception of the siamang. Size, Weight, and Lifespan There is not much difference in size between males and females; they weigh between 13 and 19 pounds (6–9 kg) and stand 23–35 inches (60–90 cm) tall. Diese Art kommt in der äußersten östlichen Ecke von Assam und in Teilen von Arunachal Pradesh, Myanmar östlich des Chindwin-Flusses, wie dem Mahamyaing Wildlife Sanctuary, und im Südwesten von Yunnan in China … Groves (1967) considered the hoolock to have two subspecies, Hylobates hoolock hoolock, the western Hoolock gibbon, and H. h. leuconedys, the eastern hoolock gibbon, separated by the Chindwin River system. The sexes are about the same size, but they differ considerably in coloration: males are black-colored with remarkable white brows, while females have a grey-brown fur, which is darker at the chest and neck. More than 500,000 images and video clips online, from tigers to turtles and elephants to sharks. Es werden eine westliche (H. hoolock) und eine östliche Art (H. leuconedys) unterschieden, die ursprünglich als Unterarten einer einzigen Art (H. hoolock) geführt wurden.

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