Diamond Jubilee Medal For Sale, The sometimes confusing wild chamomile and pineappleweed have a pleasant aroma while ox-eye daisy can be distinguished from scentless chamomile by its spoon-shaped, lobed leaves. Scentless chamomile can germinate in the fall, spring or summer for control of scentless chamomile. annual. Small but significant losses were also found in a hot, dry year. Yellow disk flowers form the centre of the flower head and are numerous. A compress is made by steeping a cloth or a towel in a bowl of hot (hot compress) or cold (cold compress) water. The seeds float on water and are widely dispersed this way. Since shading helps to maintain soil surface moisture, germination occurs best under a vegetation canopy, rather than on a barren summer fallow field. Roman chamomile has hairy stems, which produce one flower atop each single stem. 11 Oct. scentless chamomile medicinal. Seedlings (c) have pointed, oval-shaped cotyledons (3 to 6 mm long) which are not divided. The plant is self-fertile. Scentless chamomile closely resembling Stinking mayweed with its large yellow-centered flower heads with white ray florets, but it is usually taller (up to 75 cm, 30 in.) With time, scentless chamomile seeds lose their requirement for light to germinate and will germinate in the dark (Table 4). Leaves: The light green leaves are alternate in arrangement, stalkless, very finely divided and smooth. The fluid extract of flowers is taken in doses of from 1/2 to 1 drachm; the oil, B.P. The leaves can be used to distinguish scentless chamomile from ox-eye daisy. Scentless chamomile has a reputation for being difficult to control and a 2019 on-farm research trial evaluated several herbicide treatments. Conservation Services. Dj Screw My Mind Went Blank, To prevent further problems with this weed, steps must be taken to restrict the spread of scentless chamomile. Tillage provides control, but can only be used in some habitats during suitable weather conditions and must be used sparingly to prevent soil erosion. One of the safest medicinal herbs, chamomile is a soothing, gentle relaxant that has been shown to work for a variety of complaints from stress to menstrual cramps.Chamomile has been used for centuries to help relieve infections, stomach gas, stomachaches, and menstrual pain. Achenes (seeds) are about 2 mm long and are dark brown or black, with three distinct light-brown ribs (d). The essential oil of chamomile is extensively used in aromatherapy, massage, and baths. Identification, health, These specifications ensure that the drug is effective. It is also good for insomnia and promotes healthy skin. Nigel Slater Chicken Thighs Olives Tomatoes, The seeds float on water and are widely dis-persed this way. Chamomile is a daisy like plant that creeps along roadsides and fields. South Carolina Men's Soccer Roster, Under favorable weather conditions, 5 to 10 plants per square metre can grow rapidly and be competitive. Summer annual scentless chamomile caused serious spring wheat yield losses in the experimental plots in a cool, wet year (Figure 1). Even today it is still cultivated as a useful plant. : not known to be. Scentless chamomile seed contamination in grain was studied by collecting grain samples from 23 farmers (Table 2). Scentless chamomile, Tripleurospermum perforatum (Merat) M. Lainz, is a noxious weed in Saskatchewan. The wetter sites in these soil zones are suitable for the growth of scentless chamomile. Mature plants range in height from 15 cm to 1 metre. Commonly known as corn chamomile, mayweed, scentless chamomile, or field chamomile. Fms Delhi Placement, Scentless chamomile is an invasive weed that has a hard time decided whether it’s a summer annual, winter annual or even a short-lived perennial. Chamomile can be used as part of a program to keep your GI tract well. Common names: Mayweed, Scentless chamomile, S centless mayweed, W ild chamomile, F alse chamomile, German chamomile, Baldr's b row Botanical name & synonyms: Matricaria inodora, Tripleurospermum perforatum, Matricaria perforata, Tripleurospermum inodorum, Tripleurospermum maritimum subsp. The best way to prevent the weed from establishing in these places is to eliminate the waste area. Learn more about COVID-19 in Saskatchewan. There is another perfume chamomile – Moroccan chamomile, Cladanthus mixtus. Anecdotal evidence and some studies suggest that inhaling steam with chamomile extract can relieve some of the symptoms of the common cold. In an annual crop such as wheat, infestations produce less seed. Individual plants were larger, and therefore more competitive, during the moderately moist year. Although 10 treatments provided over 80% visual control of emerged plants, new seedlings continued to emerge several weeks after application resulting in a significant amount of plants at the end of August. Plant heights reach 15 cm to 1 m (6 to 39 in.). Master's In Software Development Salary, Degas Ballerina Paintings, Winter annuals caused some reduction of winter wheat yield in both moist and hot dry years but, compared to their effect in spring wheat, losses were low (Figure 4). Solid stands of perennial grass are very competitive, except in wet environments. The flowers are about … Fishing Rules Victoria Covid, Scentless chamomile is an annual that can act like a biennial or short-live perennial. As the weed's population increases, it spreads more rapidly since more seeds are produced. Plants can be summer annuals, winter annuals or short-lived perennials. Stinking chamomile does not smell that good hence the reason this is not a popular plant for wild food enthusiasts. It may be beneficial to sow infrequently tilled low areas to a perennial grass. The botanical name of chamomile, chamomilla, is attributed to Pliny the Elder, a Roman naturalist that used the word … Moist conditions in recent years have allowed the weed to become more widely established in these areas. Growth: This fibrous rooted plant can act as either an annual, winter annual, biennial or short-lived perennial. Examples of scentless chamomile seed production in different habitats. The Egyptians reverenced it for its virtues, and from their belief in its power to cure ague, dedicated it to their gods. The weed is more commonly found on agricultural land, such as the low spots in a field and around slough margins. The quality of the essential oil may differ from one variety of chamomile plants to another, but the various pharmacopeias mention that to be used for medicinal purposes, the oil content should be 0.4% in the flowers. To prevent both long- and short-distance spread, tarp grain trucks, clean farm machinery after use in weed-infested fields and eliminate the use of weed-infested livestock feeds. • Ensuresoil,gravel,andotherfillmaterialarenot contaminated. An official tincture is employed to correct summer diarrhoea in children. Cutting is not always effective, since the plant will flower again below the cutting height of a swather or mower. Definition: a ubiquitous European annual weed with white flowers and finely divided leaves naturalized and sometimes cultivated in eastern North America; sometimes included in genus Matricaria. Government of Saskatchewan is not responsible for any damage or issues that may possibly result from using translated website content. This is reflected in the results of a survey of roadside infestations of scentless chamomile conducted in 1999 and updated in 2002 by Dr. Gary Bowes, Coordinator, Integrated Noxious Weed Management Program. Flowers (a) are conspicuous, 2 to 4 cm in diameter, and appear from June to October. ---Medicinal Action and Uses---Carminative, sedative and tonic. Controlling scentless chamomile with herbicides #PestPatrol with Mike Cowbrough, OMAFRA. English, or Roman chamomile, Chamaemelum nobile, is a low-growing plant that you’ll often see growing between pavers in cottage gardens or as a ground cover. Summer annual scentless chamomile was able to reduce yield only in cool, wet conditions. It is likely, however, that yield losses in such crops will be high. Classification: Noxious Weed. Seed was collected from the pots each month and germinated in the dark at 25 C (16 hr.) Scentless chamomile closely resembling Stinking mayweed with its large yellow-centered flower heads with white ray florets, but it is usually taller (up to 75 cm, 30 in.) Late fall and early spring tillage may effectively control young winter annual rosettes. Harvesting then scatters the seeds further. Find the perfect scentless chamomile stock photo. The sudden increase in the weed's population could have been caused by above-average moisture conditions that occurred in the early 1970s. Find services and information for Saskatchewan residents and visitors. Folk names – There are many, including; Ground apple, earth apple, camomile, wild chamomile, German chamomile, English chamomile, Russian chamomile, Italian chamomile (maybe it ought to be called ‘European chamomile’), scented mayweed, garden chamomile, lawn chamomile, manzanilla, noble chamomile, and white chamomile… Scentless chamomile that survives control attempts will compete with the crop. Shelterbelts - Scentless chamomile grows close to the shelterbelt where cultivation is not possible because of the tree roots. Farmers reporting the weed were asked to report the percentage of their quarter-sections which have scentless chamomile growing on them (Table1). Finals Movie, So if you’re feeling sick, waft some ginger your way and it should ease your pain. Moist soil conditions in the road ditch and on the roadside are ideal for the growth of this weed. Formula 1 Driving Experience Las Vegas, It grows in part shade to a height of about 12 inches (30 cm.) Celtic Football Club Face Mask, Table 1: Distribution of Scentless chamomile on infested farms in 1988. In addition to helping maintain normal GI tone, it also stimulates normal digestion. While chamomile may help in the long-term management of these serious conditions, it should not be thought of as a substitute for proper medical monitoring and more aggressive short-term therapies. Other names for the weed are wild daisy, scentless mayweed, false chamomile, Kandahar daisy or barnyard daisy. Glyphosate and tank-mixes with glyphosate provided the best control of scentless chamomile. The winter annual has a competitive advantage over spring wheat because it is established when the crop germinates. In fact, it is rarely used in contemporary herbal practises. Mowed lawn areas around farmyards or in towns not only look better, but also control weeds. The sometimes confusing wild chamomile and pineappleweed have a pleasant aroma while ox-eye daisy and stinking mayweed both have a distinctly unappealing scent. The use of chamomile for medicinal purposes in the traditional system of medicine is mostly guided by the pharmacopeias. Topically chamomile has anti-inflammatory benefits, but the smell of chamomile can be beneficial too. It is able to invade cultivated fields and prevent the harvest of small grains. In a hot, dry year, spring wheat yields were not reduced at scentless chamomile densities up to 25 plants per square metre. Perennial grasses compete well with scentless chamomile, except under wet conditions. Both species are most likely to first appear in areas where snow accumulates and soil stays moist, such as ditches, field perimeters, fencelines, shelterbelts, lowlands, runs, riparian areas, stock trails and watering areas. The yellow centre of the mature wild chamomile flower is conical, not rounded as in scentless chamomile. The plant then bolts and flowers the following year. Cropped land - Scentless chamomile can cause serious economic losses in most crops. This particular plant has got tiny daisy-like heads that are discovered singly in the ends of branches. The Conservation Services Division provides technical and financial support, leadership and statewide coordination, and regulatory oversight to public/private landowners and agricultural businesses statewide on an array of natural resource management challenges. The weed continues to spread. Leaves (i) are finely dissected and smooth. Every head has got tiny yellow disk flowers within the center encompassed by flat, white ray florets. A few drops of chamomile essential oil are added for healing purposes. Chamomile was used in Medieval times to add an aromatic scent to public events by sprinkling the fresh leaves around. Chamomile is used to treat sleep disorders, digestive problems, pain reliever and many others. Germination of scentless chamomile seed after being buried in soil. Be sure to cut the weed before it flowers since viable seeds can form in flowers, even after cutting. Scentless Chamomile. It has been found that the tea contains the spasm-reducing (spasmolytic) compounds the flavonoids. Find the perfect scentless mayweed stock photo. Rentals Minnie Waters, Bearing Meaning In Telugu, Scented mayweed is native to Eurasia, south of Finland, but it has probably been cultivated as a medicinal herb in Finland’s affluent gardens and the yards of smallholdings since ancient times, before the idea of pharmacies had ever been conceived. This means that the weed must be controlled both inside and outside the field. Areas used for storing grain and forage are especially prone to infestation. A decoction of Chamomile flowers and poppyheads is used hot as fomentation to abscesses - 10 parts of Chamomile flowers to 5 of poppy capsules, to 100 of distilled water. Chamomile produces a furrowed and branching stem with pale green leaves that are divided into thread-like segments. When using any form of tillage, soil erosion is always a concern. If the weed occurs throughout an entire field, intensive tillage can be used with discretion. The leaves are almost fleshy in texture and have no odor when crushed. The survey covered a large area, and included many places that have had the weed for only a few years. House Of Pain - Jump Around Year, Its spread can go unnoticed due to its similarity to Anthemis arvensis (corn chamomile, dog fennel or mayweed) another common weed. Light has a major influence on seed germination. To obtain a more detailed picture of the weed's distribution, a questionnaire was sent to farmers living on the Black and Grey soils in 1988. Annual weeds spread by seed, and therefore must be prevented from producing seed. The Conservation Services Division provides technical and financial support, leadership and statewide coordination, and regulatory oversight to public/private landowners and agricultural businesses statewide on an array of natural resource management challenges. Herbicides, mowing and hand-weeding can be used to supplement tillage. Ox-eye daisy - Chrysanthemum leucanthemum L. To distinguish scentless chamomile from wild chamomile and pineappleweed, the mature flowers can be used. Table 1: Tillage and the control of scentless chamomile. Grain elevators are often not equipped to adequately clean seed. On summer fallow, tillage during suitable weather conditions can be used to control scentless chamomile. Compositae. Since the weed is commonly found growing along the margins of fields and sloughs, experiments were conducted to determine the extent of seed spread into fields. Plants can be summer annuals, winter annuals or short-lived perennials. Scentless chamomile may grow as a summer annual, germinating and flowering in the same year, or as a winter annual, germinating late one year and flowering in the next. Herbicide Control in Field Corn. Rhopalmyia tripleurospermi, the scentless chamomile gall midge, forms a gall on the plant, which acts as a nutrient sink that can interrupt and stunt the growth of the plant. Losses were much lower during a moist year. Scentless chamomile is native to northern and central Europe. Scentless chamomile has a reputation for being difficult to control and a 2019 on-farm research trial evaluated several herbicide treatments. It has been found that the tea contains the spasm-reducing (spasmolytic) compounds the flavonoids. Plants and seeds are easily picked up by vehicles and machinery and carried into fields. Scentless chamomile is often associated with disturbed habitats where there is little competition from established vegetation. Reproduction is by seed. How it Spreads (Mode of Spread): Scentless chamomile can produce between 300 000 and one million seeds per plant. Chamomile has long been used since ancient times for its medicinal and health benefits. Most seedlings are established in the spring and fall. Sharks In Russia, Other Common Names: scentless chamomile Weed class: C Year Listed: 1989 Native to: Asia and Europe Is this Weed Toxic? Identification: Stems: Stems are erect to semi-erect, highly branched, may be reddish in color, and The blooms appear in the later days of summer, from the end of July to September, and are borne solitary on long, erect stalks, drooping when in bud. To prevent seed-set, always try to control the plant before it flowers. Sometimes a few drops of oil are added to hot water and the steam is inhaled. Bridgespan Achieving Strategic Clarity, Stinking chamomile is closely related to chamomile, but is far less effective medicinally. The seeds are viability in the soil from 4 to 6 years. None of the other corn herbicides tested provided adequate control of scentless chamomile. A Sicilian Romance, Paper Io 2 Digisnacks, - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at … Both single and double flowers are used in medicine. Bankers Life Fieldhouse Events, Scentless chamomile has an indeterminate flowering … Translations are made available to increase access to Government of Saskatchewan content for populations whose first language is not English. Figure 1: Unsprayed control. Like other plants in the Asteraceae family, flower heads are actually clusters of disk and ray flowers. The transport of weed-infested crops and forage often introduces the weed to roadsides. Class: plant noun (plants and fungi) Plural: scentless chamomiles. The infusion made from 1 OZ. Matricaria discoidea, wild chamomile or pineapple weed; Tripleurospermum inodorum, wild, scentless or false chamomile; Tea and herbal products. Since scentless chamomile spreads primarily by seed, controlling the weed depends on identifying and eliminating the weed's seed sources. But not everyone knows that there are two species that share the common name chamomile, and they each have different growth habits and uses. It is a poor competi-tor but establishes quickly on disturbed sites. Scentless chamomile is frequently mistaken for ox-eye daisy or even stinking mayweed, however, both have an embarrassing smell, whereas scentless chamomile … Seed production in solid stands of scentless chamomile can exceed one million seeds per square metre (Table 1). This area is often very wet in the spring since the shelterbelt stops drifting snow. and spreads by rooting stems. Smaller but still significant amounts of seed are produced from stands of scentless chamomile growing in other non-cropland habitats such as field and slough margins, fence lines and roadways. Recognizable features: Chamomile (American English) or camomile (British English; see spelling differences) (/ ˈ k æ m ə m aɪ l,-m iː l / KAM-ə-myl or KAM-ə-meel) is the common name for several daisy-like plants of the family Asteraceae.Two of the species are commonly used to make herbal infusions for traditional medicine, and there is some evidence that chamomile has an effect on health. The bales can then be burned in a controlled manner. The drier conditions on the Brown and Dark Brown soils appear to be less suitable, but several moist years have allowed the weed to advance into those areas. Use chamomile as a supportive treatment in the following conditions: One study found that a tea that combined chamomile, vervain, licorice, fennel, and lemon balm was effective in relieving colic in infants more effectively than a placebo tea. A clean source of seed is essential. Considered noxious under the BC Weed Control Act, scentless chamomile is commonly found on low to mid-elevation sites, along roadsides, drainage ditches, fence lines, dry shorelines, hay fields, pastures, and other disturbed areas. It is widely used in Europe for the treatment of skin irritations. During wet years, the weed has spread rapidly throughout the black and gray soil zones of Saskatchewan. Wet areas, where flooding or livestock trampling has disrupted natural vegetation, are ideal sites for scentless chamomile. It has sometimes been employed in intermittent fevers. None of the other corn herbicides tested provided adequate control of scentless chamomile. Types Of Peacock, Lexington Park, Md Zip Code, Table 2. Municipalities reporting no roadside infestations of scentless chamomile appear green. Figure 2: Survey of Scentless Chamomile density on roadsides 2001-2003. Under the right conditions, seed can lie dormant in the soil for a decade or more. Rush Band Radio, Information for Lacombe County residents about controlling Scentless Chamomile But not everyone knows that there are two species that share the common name chamomile, and they each have different growth habits and uses. Once the weed is established on road shoulders, maintenance equipment (i.e. New Homes For Sale In Bradford Ontario, Roadsides - In areas infested with scentless chamomile, it is common to see the weed growing along the side of the road. Collect the weeds in garbage bags and then burn them in a controlled area where wind and water will not spread the weed's seed. These translations are identified by a yellow box in the right or left rail that resembles the link below. No need to register, buy now! In both forms the disk or receptacle is solid and conical, densely covered with chaffy scales, and both varieties, but especially the single, have a strong aromatic odour and a very bitter taste. This plant is most similar in appearance to the scentless chamomile (Tripleurospermum inodorum). Chamomile produces a furrowed and branching stem with pale green leaves that are divided into thread-like segments. Today, chamomile species can be controlled easily with any sulfonylurea herbicide such as Ally, Cimarron or Escort (metsulfuron) and Telar (chlorsulfuron). The majority of the sites in Saskatchewan are on the Black, Dark Grey and Grey soils. 23 Wonderful Unknown Health Benefits Of Grapefruit, Top 15+ Health Benefits of Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa willd. Most seedlings establish in the spring or fall. There is also a short-lived perennial form. The most visible difference is the fine, carrot-top-like leaves of scentless chamomile. Surf Spots, Union Bank Minority Lending, In hot baths, warm to hot water is used and in cold baths, cold water or ice is used. Ms Engineering Management Northeastern University, Controlling scentless chamomile with herbicides #PestPatrol with Mike Cowbrough, OMAFRA. Yuraygir Coastal Walk, Scentless chamomile seed contamination of various grain and oilseed crops. Scentless Chamomile Pictures. The translation should not be considered exact, and may include incorrect or offensive language. If the weed is cut while in flower, eliminate as many seeds as possible by baling the weed. In farmers' fields, spring wheat yield was reduced more during a moderately moist than a hot, dry year for a given density of scentless chamomile (Figure 3). In this research, over 700 microbial isolates were evaluated and the fungus, Colletotrichum truncatum was found effective under greenhouse conditions but once applied on older plants, or under field conditions, the efficacy decreased. Scentless chamomile forms a rosette of finely-divided leaves. Periodic disturbance by flooding or cultivation inhibits the growth of grass and allows the weed to grow with little competition. Hayland and forge crops - The weed can be a problem because of the lack of available control methods. Business Jobs With Engineering Degree, The weed is often not controlled since tillage and spraying equipment are hard to use in these places. Ox-eye daisy leaves are broad, linear and coarsely toothed while scentless chamomile leaves are finely divided. Various shades of red are used to depict municipalities' rates of road rights-of-way harbouring the weed. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. Periodic disturbance by cultivation or flooding prevents the establishment of perennial grass, so the weed grows with little or no competition. Judith And Her Maidservant (gentileschi, Florence), Why Is It a Noxious Weed? Chamomile has long been used since ancient times for its medicinal and health benefits. Medical Ethics Coronavirus, However, the essential oil content is higher in the flowers than in other parts of the plant, and also has higher levels of useful compounds. In areas that cannot be tilled or mowed, it is often necessary to control these weeds by hand. Till on hot, dry days rather than on moist, cool days so the plant's root system dries out as soon as possible. This prevents the weed from spreading. The first set of true leaves is coarsely divided. Urban Electric, Figure 1: Unsprayed control. Low areas that are sometimes cropped - In some years it is too wet to cultivate the low places in a field. metre, Seeds on surface of soil saturated with water, 45 Thatcher Drive East, Moose Jaw, SK, Canada, S6J 1L8, New guidance for performance and gaming venues, indoor public events, licensed establishments. The first reported sighting in the province was at Esterhazy in 1905, but the weed remained relatively rare until 1940 (Figure 1). Scentless chamomile is well adapted to heavy clay soils and tolerates both periodic flooding and dry sites. Published: December 17, 2019 Crops. It’s often confused with another invasive plant, ox-eye daisy, because the white flowers with prominent yellow buttons are almost identical. A single plant can produce over a half million seeds. Seedling photo: Alec McClay photo: Michael Brown The movement of bales containing scentless chamomile should be kept to a minimum to reduce the spread of seeds. Try to maintain a good cover of grass around farmyards, especially in areas where machinery is parked and grain is stored. To determine the specific habitats associated with scentless chamomile, farmers were surveyed by mail and asked to report where the weed commonly grows. Several studies have linked chamomile tea to reduced severity of menstrual cramps. Rock piles however do create protected habitat for biocultural agents to survive, flourish and repopulate cropland areas. Plants can also be picked up by tillage equipment and transplanted into the field. Alternative Health System Ppt, It is often introduced to this habitat by weed seeds falling from transported grain and forage, and by seeding newly constructed roadsides with contaminated grass seed. Chamomile tea is a powerhouse of antioxidants and protects the skin from free-radical damage. Vacant town lots, grain elevator sites, and neglected gardens and yards can also be infested. Since roadsides are a primary pathway for the spread of invasive weeds, they can be used to monitor the spread of scentless chamomile. Increasing mobility of machinery, grain and forage may have also contributed to the spread of the weed. Currently found in all agricultural regions of BC, scentless chamomile is a major concern in the … The weed became more abundant in the 1950s and 1960s. of the dried flowers to 1 pint of boiling water may be given freely in teaspoonful doses to children, for whose ailments it is an excellent remedy. It is a poor competitor but establishes quickly on disturbed sites. Care must be taken to control scentless chamomile growing along slough and field margins. Scentless chamomile can form dense, semi-permanent monospecific stands on periodically disturbed, poorly drained sites like field depressions and slough margins, from which the seeds spread into adjacent cropland (Peschken et al.1990, Bowes et al.1994). To quantify yield losses, two studies were conducted at sites in the Black soil zone. Physical Characteristics Anthemis arvensis is a ANNUAL growing to 0.4 m (1ft 4in) by 0.3 m (1ft). ---Description---The true or Common Chamomile (Anthemis nobilis) is a low-growing plant, creeping or trailing, its tufts of leaves and flowers a foot high. Clean all equipment after use. Each thumbnail image links to a larger image. In hot baths, warm to hot water is used and in cold baths, cold water or ice is used. Plants growing close to cropland should be treated as a threat since the weed produces large quantities of seed. Annual weeds spread by seed, and therefore must be prevented from producing seed. The flowers on pineappleweed lack the outer white ray florets. Differences between the survey results and the information gathered in the farmer interviews suggest that the habitats in which the weed grows may be related to how long the weed has been in an area. The pharmacopeias are authoritative texts that specify how to identify the correct plant , which plant part is to be used, what physical and chemical qualities of the drug are required, and how the drug formulations should be prepared and administered to the patient. Uri Online Bookstore, The plant is phenotypically plastic and may grow as an annual, bien- nial or short-lived perennial (Hegi 1987, Woo et al. Winter wheat was more competitive than spring wheat and should be considered as an alternate crop to control scentless chamomile and reduce economic loss. Class: plant noun (plants and fungi) Plural: scentless chamomiles. Chamomile was one of the main ingredients in the oil used for embalming deceased pharaohs. Annual weeds complete their lifecycle in one growing season.
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