The Beauty of Food Turning Back The Clock, New Home Remedies to Cure Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Natural Solution for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, How to Lose Weight From Your Stomach in 2 Weeks. Today, I’m going to stoke your appreciation by delving into the history of mini shells, exploring the pros and cons surrounding this type of ammo, and evaluating the performance and best uses of slugs, buckshot, and birdshot. Remington uses a combination of plastic and cardboard wads. Since shotguns have no lands-and-grooves, their projectiles cannot be positively matched to those found at the scene or inside a body. At close range, the wads from a Foster shell either enter through the entrance hole or strike adjacent skin producing circular to oval imprints. Nominal velocity for the Sabot slugs ranges from 1200 to 1550 f/s. See next photo. See next photo. High weight retention sustains bullet momentum to create a long wound channel for maximum destruction of tissue, bone and vital organs to effectively and humanely take down game. sabot slug for its 3 in. The shotgun/slug combination provides a legal, if shorter range alternative. figure 8.38 A close-up of the hole in the heart. See next photo. Slugs manufactured by Federal have a one-piece plastic wad; Winchester's having a cup wad and cardboard (paper) filler wads — the one next to the slug being thinner and harder. A modern shotgun slug is a heavy projectile made of lead, copper, or other material and fired from a shotgun. In the case of the Sabot round, at close range the two halves of the sabot may either enter the body or impact the skin. Incidence of gunshot injuries to the head is increasing in some countries, due to the ease of accessibility to firearms. figure 8.3 Loose contact shotgun wound and a larger, more ragged exit wound. Because of this, the shot and wads exited the barrel but the severed portion of the hull remained in the. $27.84. figure 8.19 The woman was shot first in the right knee. The diameter at the front and rear was 0.50 in. figure 8.9 The spread of pellets indicates a considerable distance; however, the distance is affected by the choke of the weapon. Again, the tip of the slug and the sabot were visible. Foster slugs do not produce the x-ray picture of the "lead snowstorm" seen with high-velocity hunting rifle bullets. On firing, the slugs expand and fill the bore. The GUALBO STEEL 12ga slug is an expanding 32 gram steel slug with petals that peel back upon impact to maximize the slug's energy transfer and create a devastating wound channel. Solid slugs also feature wadding, which will probably hit an attacker at home defense distances. It is a solid lead projectile having a pointed nose with felt and cardboard wads attached to the base by a screw. Advertisement. Most African Professional hunters agree that A 12 gauge slug is near ideal to put down a charging leopard. Slugs differ by manufacturer, but are generally either a solid lead slug or a sabot; a solid lead or jacketed bullet surrounded by a plastic jacket. of recoil energy, while an 8-pound 12 gauge loaded with 1-ounce slugs produces 16.7 ft.-lbs. There may be through-and-through penetration or a massive energy dump in the body, depending on what the slug strikes. Determination of the gauge from the diameter of the entrance wound is not possible. The Brenneke slug was developed in Germany in 1898. At autopsy, one recovers from the body, the tube, the wadding and the pellets — sometimes still in one piece. If they impact sideways, the rectangular pattern produced is fairly characteristic (Figure 8.13). This Classic Magnum round, in 12 gauge, has a 2-3/4" shell loaded with a 1-1/8 oz lead slug which it fires at 1510 fps. Wound Channels: 4.5/5. Brenneke slugs, originally rare in the United States, are now being imported in quantity. A huge one will go 180. The diameter of a 12-gauge slug, measuring from the top of one rib to the other, is 18.47 mm (0.727 in.) In both, most of the weight of the slug is forward of the center, thus causing them to fly point forward. These markings allow examiners to test-fire weapons and compare test-fired bullets to those discovered in bodies. figure 8.24 This man and his best friend were arguing over his daughter. Little to no temporary stretch cavity effects were observed. There would also likely be trauma throughout the upper torso from the catastrophic impact. In a second case involving a birdshot shell, separation did occur, but the pie crimp at the end of the shell was forced open by the pellets and wadding as the separated hull moved down the barrel. (Frankly, I wouldn’t even trust many big name AR manufacturers.) Lands-and-grooves cause specific identifying features (rifling) on projectiles as they pass along the barrel. in 16 gauge, and 364 gr. in 12 gauge and 5/8 oz (275 gr.) Substandard guns and manufacturers cloud the consumer experience and dictate buying practices so that, when officer’s lives depend on their guns working well which is to say all the time, departments cannot take a chance on buying even run of the mill guns. On exiting the muzzle, the sabot fell away. On firing, the sabot with the enclosed slug, moved down the barrel as one unit. The hollow-point cavity serves no purpose in the author's opinion in increasing the effectiveness of the slug. Shotgun slugs came out of the dark ages with the advent of the sabot slug and rifled shotgun barrels. As previously mentioned (see Most lethal methods of suicide), whilst using a firearm to commit suicide is one of the most reliable methods, it is not failsafe. The tube, containing its load of shot and wadding, then travels down the barrel, exits, and continues as one missile to the target, producing a single wound of entrance. Remington manufactures a 1 3/16 oz (520 gr.) Shotgun slugs can be rifled-- this is supposed to make them spin in the air and thus improve their flight length and accuracy. Upon complete deployment, the nose sections, which each weigh 20 gr. They hunt the cat with a rifle, of course, but they switch to a shotgun (invariably a 12 ga.) with slugs to follow up a wound cat. The lead grooves or ribs cause the slug to slowly rotate on its long axis as it flies through the air increasing stability. The "NRA Firearms Fact Book" says: "Shotgun slugs should not be used at ranges greater than about 75 yards. With a pro-gun president at the helm and no risk of confiscation (minus that whole bump stock fiasco) or the passage of laws that restrict 2A rights, demand had waned and inventory was plentiful across the board. This slow rotation, combined with the balance created by a heavy nose, results in greater accuracy. In the case of a Brenneke shotgun shell, no matter the range, the wadding enters with the slug because it is literally screwed into the base. A saboted hollow point slug would destroy the shoulder, even from fairly long range. A contact wound will consist of a circular wound of entrance whose diameter is approximately the same as that of the bore of the shotgun. in 20 gauge. On firing the weapon a second time, an unaltered buckshot shell was used. This patient was shot by an unknown assailant with a single shotgun shot to the torso. Variations on these construction designs will be encountered as the type of wadding always seems to be in flux. Figure 8.11 (A) Large, irregular stipple marks of face caused by coarse, white polyethylene filler loaded in early Winchester buckshot loads. The appearance of a wound resulting from buckshot depends principally on the range between the victim and the muzzle of the weapon. Nominal slug weights, including felt and cardboard wads, are 491 gr. A slug, however, is basically a bullet for a shotgun. #Exclusive for You #1 Shop for Low Price 1 Bore Shotgun And 12 Gauge Shotgun Slug Wound . Small sized birdshot such as this #8 heavy dove load is a poor choice for deployment with a tactical shotgun. As the slug penetrates tissue, the nose sections open, increasing the diameter of the projectile and the loss of energy. Slug functions terminally at low velocities High velocity with flat trajectory On firing, the tube is supposed to separate at this cut. The size of actual wound channel created by the slug was difficult to gauge since bone used in the test fragmented into numerous secondary projectiles that shredded a large amount of gel. They no longer manufacture ammunition. Both the Brenneke and Foster slugs employ the same principle to stabilize their flight. At any reasonable range, shotgun slugs make effective lethal wounds due to their tremendous mass, reducing the length of time that an animal might suffer. The buckshot and wads swept the deposited hull out the barrel into the body. and 16.13 mm (0.635 in. There is a slight amount of gunpowder on the inferior aspect of the wound. figure 8.18 Scene close-up revealing powder on the shirt and abundant blood. figure 8.5 This loose contact suicide wound to the neck is larger than expected because the neck was bent over the barrel. With a similar rig he saw a client shoot and kill a 275-pound buck at 236 yards. The wound edges are abraded and there is a thin linear abrasion on the upper right from the muzzle. of lead adjacent to or surrounding the disk. The high velocity of centerfire cartridges, especially in 5.56 NATO are the reason for this. Internal injury was very severe. Brenneke USA provides a range of slug shotgun ammo to suit any application. Determination of the gauge from the diameter of the entrance wound is not possible. Like New !!! The deceased was shot twice in the head with a 12-gauge shotgun firing birdshot shells. However, and due to the design of the Foster-style lead slug, the shotgun slug is more prone to breaking up rather than expanding. The slug, encased in the sabot made a projectile of 12-gauge diameter. Check out Google Images for shotgun slug entry and exit wounds for more details. It's a … Have fun! Slugs are generally used for medium-sized game, especially whitetail deer … The civilian slug was in a similar shotgun tube, except that there was no white lettering. in 20 gauge. Slugs differ from round-ball lead projectiles in that they are stabilized i… The Sabot slug was introduced to the United States by Smith & Wesson. The Winchester Sabot has a pentagonal hole in the tip of the slug and a hole in the base closed with a plastic plug. Some ammunition have plastic shot containers that hold the pellets and also act as the wad. Shotgun slugs produce massive internal injuries comparable in severity to those produced by a centerfire rifle hunting bullet. Figure 8.15 illustrates such a case. The Myth: Shotgun slugs for big game should be limited to 100 yards. Defensive Shotgun Loads — Slugs. Shotshell Slug Mould Permanent Link to Product Page. This slug was made only in 12 gauge. They were known as “pumpkin balls” or “pu… The wound of entrance from a shotgun slug, whether it be a Foster, Brenneke or Sabot, is circular in shape, with a diameter approximately that of the slug. barrel. Adjacent to the corner of the mouth is an abrasion from the wad. Approximately 12 angled ribs are present on the surface of the slug. figure 8.37 The slug went through the heart (arrow). First three inches of permanent wound cavity were completely destroyed. the country of manufacture. Shotguns usually fire pellets; however, slugs can also be used as ammunition. figure 8.16 This is another defect in a chest wall. The sabot was of white plastic. The police version of the sabot slug was intended to be fired in weapons having only a cylinder or modified choke. In a study of 89 contact shotgun wounds of the head, Harruff found the most common site of entrance was the mouth (62%), followed by the temple (15%) and the submental region (13%).6 In the case of wounds of the temple, most right-handed individuals shoot themselves in the right temple using the left hand to steady the gun against the head. each, separate from the main mass of the slug producing four additional wound tracks. This slug is produced in a hollow-point version. By contrast, nobody disputes the pump shotguns durability an… (76 mm) 12 gauge loading. Shotgun slugs are used for deer and bear hunting in heavily populated areas where the slug's rapid loss of velocity allegedly affords greater protection from shooting mishaps. Thus at autopsy, buckshot and wads from the second shell and the distal two-thirds of the tube from the birdshot shell were recovered from the body. The first effective modern shotgun slug was introduced by Wilhelm Brenneke in 1898, and his design remains in use today. It had an hourglass configuration with a hollow base in which there was a white plastic insert. The sabot in the civilian slug was made of black plastic. There are four machined slots in its nose to produce expansion. Last Updated on Wed, 22 Apr 2020 | Gunshot Wounds Shotgun slugs are used for deer and bear hunting in heavily populated areas where the slug's rapid loss of velocity allegedly affords greater protection from shooting mishaps. The Federal slugs have a "hollow point" and may be copper plated. Maximum effective range is limited as much by the slug's rapid decay of … The slug may come to rest as a flattened lead disk or may break into a few large pieces. FIGURE 8.29 There were wounds to his shoulder, top of head, and side of the head (arrows). The civilian slug, of softer lead, could be fired in weapons of any choke. Its 20-gauge sabot slug weighs 3/4 oz (328 gr.). Some prefer buckshot, some abhor it. The wound of entrance from a shotgun slug, whether it be a Foster, Brenneke or Sabot, is circular in shape, with a diameter approximately that of the slug. The weight of the slug will vary somewhat depending on. The weight and nominal velocity of the slugs is given in Table 8.4. It is a roundnose soft lead projectile, with a deep, concave base, and has anywhere from 12 to 15 angled, helical grooves cut into its surface. Lee 1oz Slug Mould features the exclusive drive key which positively rotates the slug in rifled shotgun barrels. So what is a slug? The advertised muzzle velocity ranges from 1593 ft/sec in 12 gauge to 1513 ft/sec in 20 gauge. The advertised muzzle velocity of the police round was 1450 ft/sec. (B) Fine stippling due to fine plastic filler. What we have now with sabots is, in effect, rifle bullets the size of shotgun slugs (.72 caliber for 12 gauge and .61 for 20 gauge). The central upper pin guarantees stability and precison, both in trajectory motion … The edge of the wound is abraded. This is a huge piece of lead or copper cast downrange at the target. Out Of … ), from groove to groove. Sabot slugs were made by Smith & Wesson in police and civilian versions. These rounds are intended for use in rifled shotgun barrels. shells were closed with a rolled crimp. Slugs are solid, single-projectile bullets that, while not having the “spread” of shot, strike the target with a much greater force, delivering deeper wound channels. The police slug was loaded into a blue, ribbed plastic case on whose side "Police" was lettered in white. Includes sprue plate, handles and instruction with suggested loads Lee 12 Gauge 7/8 Oz. However, it is still important to test-fire the same gun and ammunition that was used in the shooting to determine an accurate comparison with the distance in question. Sabot shotgun shells are now manufactured by Federal, Remington and Winchester in 12 and 20 gauge (Table 8.5). I’d go so far to say that anyone shot by a 12g shotgun shell having a load of buckshot or a slug will most likely die if hit anywhere near the center of their body mass from close range. In both shells, the sabot rested on a cardboard wad, which in turn rested on a white plastic wad. The edge of the wound is abraded. Subsequently, Federal introduced a solid copper hollow point slug in a plastic sabot. #004630 CSM RBL 20g 2 … Most of the decedent's face was blown out. X-rays often show a central disk of lead with 2 to 4 comma-like pieces. Over-Penetration: 4/5 See next photo. Wound channels, especially temporary wound channels, are also much more devastating compared to the handgun, or even some shotgun defensive loads. A shotgun slug is a good choice for a self-defense round. The longer profile provided by the wad allegedly decreases tumbling and improves accuracy.

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